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Table 3 Characteristics of studies and results for studies reporting awareness of clinical practice guidelines (17 included studies)

From: Patient and public attitudes to and awareness of clinical practice guidelines: a systematic review with thematic and narrative syntheses

Author year Aim Participants and study location Awareness
Study design
Quality
Berry 2010 [23] To gain an understanding of public perceptions of Physical Activity guidelines put forward by a public health agency 22 participants in five focus groups, 18 to 70 years; Type II diabetes or cardiovascular disease; Canada Lack of awareness
Qualitative study
Good
Cameron 2007 [24] To determine Awareness and Knowledge of Canadian Physical Activity Guide (CPAG) guidelines, prompted and unprompted 8892 adults aged 18 or older from Physical Activity Monitor; 52% female, 83% greater than high school education; Canada 4% aware of any guidelines for physical activity; 37% prompted aware of CPAG
Cross sectional study
Fair
Copeland 2005 [25] To determine awareness of written guidelines that define which conditions require exclusion from the Child Care Centre 128 parents picking up children at Day Care Centre, 91% female, 69% African American; Baltimore City, USA 61% aware of guideline
Cross sectional study
Fair
Crocetti 2004 [26] To determine awareness and knowledge of infant feeding guidelines 102 Primary female caregivers mean age 27 years; 34% African American; 64% completed high school; Maryland, USA 77% aware of guideline
Cross sectional study
Good
Faruqi 2000 [16] To determine how to put into practice and disseminate clinical management of diabetes mellitus guidelines 5-20 participants recruited through Diabetes Australia in four focus groups; Sydney, Australia Lack of awareness
Qualitative study
Poor
Geiger 2001 [17] To determine awareness of dietary guidelines and test presentation formats 40 men and women (25–45); Missouri, USA Lack of awareness
Qualitative study
Fair
Hong 2007 [28] To determine awareness and knowledge of dietary guidelines 345 well people - 77% female; 46% <65 years. Randomly selected in one district Seoul urban population. 32.2% aware of dietary guidelines
Cross sectional study
Poor
Keenan 2002 [29] To examine knowledge and understanding and factors that influence knowledge - media/non-media/age and education 400 adults over 18 years old, 51.8% college degree, 56% female; Minnesota, USA 45% aware of dietary guidelines
Cross sectional study
Fair
Mitchell 2004 [19] To examine knowledge of evidence based medicine and guidelines 33 patients with colorectal cancer and 9 carers; 43 to 86 yrs old; 66% male; many had not completed high school; Austin, Victoria, Australia No awareness
Qualitative study
Fair
Miroballi 2012 [31] To determine awareness of Infection Control guidelines 1399 Cystic Fibrosis patients and their families; 38% patients, 62% family members in USA 65% aware of guidelines
Cross sectional study
Fair
Nash 2003 [32] To determine cholesterol guideline awareness 1163 adults, 56% female, >40 years; Canada 32% (94/290) aware of guideline
Cross sectional study
Poor
McFarlane 2012 [30] To determine public awareness of National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) guidelines and their implementation 1675 respondents (70% female, 61% (45–74 yrs old), 17% health care professionals); mostly England and Wales, UK 79% (824/1040) aware of guidelines
Cross sectional study
Fair
Owen-Smith 2010 [20] To investigate patients’ and healthcare providers’ experiences of, and preferences for, implicit and explicit healthcare rationing 56 participants (31 patients, clinicians, healthcare managers); morbid obesity and breast cancer; Bristol, UK Only 6/31 patients knew about NICE and what they did and 3 of these patients worked for health service.
Qualitative study
Fair
Roth 2010 [33] To investigate knowledge of guidelines and if is this linked to following guidelines 1940 adolescents (11–15 yrs old); 49% female; England, UK 11% of children knew about the recommendations.
Cross sectional study
Fair
Royak-Schaler 2008 [22] To investigate patient-physician communication from the patient’s perspective about guidelines 39 participants, 30–75 yrs old (mean age 55), 72% college education, breast cancer survivors, all African American; Baltimore, USA Lack of awareness
Qualitative study
Fair
SIGN 2011 [34] To investigate public awareness of Scottish Intercollegiate Guidelines Network (SIGN) guidelines and their implementation 239 respondents (66% female, 74% 45–74 yrs old, 61% had specific condition or disability); mostly Scotland, UK 64% (151/236) aware of guidelines
Cross sectional study
Fair
Spence 2002 [36] To investigate awareness of Canada’s Physical Guide to Healthy Active Living 2719 participants; 18-76+ years; Alberta, Canada 20% (544/2719) aware of guideline
Cross sectional study
Fair