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Table 4 Association between sociodemographic factors and respondents’ opinion (n = 482)

From: Turkish health system reform from the people’s perspective: a cross sectional study

Factors Positive opinion Negative opinion Wald **p-value Exp(B)*[POR] 95% C.I.
  freq. (%) freq. (%)     
Age       
≥ 45 210 (83.7) 41 (16.3) 50.83 <0.001 0.392 0.21-0.74
< 45 124 (53.7) 107 (46.3) Referent    
Sex       
Female 207 (88.8) 26 (11.2) 80.99 <0.001 3.395 1.78-6.47
Male 127 (51.0) 122 (49.0) Referent    
Marital status       
Married 250 (86.8) 38 (13.2) 103.12 <0.001 3.012 1.62-5.60
Single 84 (43.3) 110 (56.7) Referent    
Education       
High 192 (81.7) 43 (18.3) 33.13 <0.001 4.639 2.44-8.82
Low 142 (57.5) 105 (42.5) Referent    
Area of residency       
Urban 334 (69.3) 148 (30.7) 102.32 <0.001 5.541 2.99-10.25
Rural 72 (41.1) 103 (58.9) Referent    
Happiness in 10 years       
Happy 286 (86.1) 46 (13.9) 142.42 <0.001 3.074 1.60-5.91
Unhappy 48 (32.0) 102 (68.0) Referent    
Health Status       
Healthy 281(84.4) 52 (15.6) 115.32 <0.001 2.984 1.57-5.67
Unhealthy 53 (35.6) 96 (64.4) Referent    
Employment       
Employed 320 (76.0) 101 (24.0) 70.50 <0.001 4.176 1.71-5.67
Unemployed 14 (23.0) 47 (77.0) Referent    
  1. *[POR] prevalence odd ratio, ** p-value significant at < 0.05.