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Table 3 Regional variation, characteristics of 59 health service areas (averages of 2008–2010)

From: Avoidable hospitalizations in Switzerland: a small area analysis on regional variation, density of physicians, hospital supply and rurality

Characteristic Average Min Max HILO ratio
Population size 94301 1614 507789 314.6
Population density* 303.4 26.4 1863.0 70.6
Number of hospitals 2.4 1 12 12.0
Hospital beds per 10000 41.1 13.5 414.0 30.7
Primary care physicians per 10000 6.5 1.9 10.9 5.7
Specialists per 10000 2.1 0.0 6.2 ?
-Rate of avoidable hospitalizations     
- Asthma 21.5 2.2 79.5 36.1
- congestive heart failure 236.2 146.0 569.2 3.9
- COPD 122.0 55.4 252.9 4.6
- Diabetes 74.1 30.4 136.3 4.5
- Hypertension 59.9 18.4 207.0 11.3
- all ICD10 groups 495.2 274.5 982.4 3.6
  1. *Population per km2 surface below 2000 meters altitude.
  2. Age and sex standardized rate per 100000 population.
  3. Ratio of highest vs. lowest values.