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Table 5 Undiscounted and discounted fracture lifetime costs (€) of a 50 year old woman, by healthcare sector for two risk classes of osteoporosis and excess

From: Expected lifetime numbers and costs of fractures in postmenopausal women with and without osteoporosis in Germany: a discrete event simulation model

Direct cost Undiscounted Discounted (3%)
By healthcare sector Average risk (95%UI) % Not at risk (95%UI) % Excess (95%UI) % Average risk (95%UI) % Not at risk (95%UI) % Excess (95%UI) %
Inpatient             
Hospital 4,237 36.2 2,170 36.3 2,067 36.2 1,743 38.9 992 39.9 751 37.6
(3,853-4,500) (1,029-3,085) (1,147-3,322) (1,582-1,830) (565–1,306) (432–1,181)
Rehabilitation 272 2.3 125 2.1 146 2.6 105 2.4 53 2.1 52 2.6
(245–290) (42–182) (87–241) (93–110) (23–72) (31–83)
Long term care 3,731 31.9 1,758 29.4 1,973 34.5 1,210 27.0 590 23.7 620 31.1
(3,349-4,159) (475–2,834) (920–3,481) (1,071-1,324) (185–913) (285–1,073)
Outpatient             
Physiotherapy, physician, analgesics 1,000 8.6 579 9.7 422 7.4 433 9.7 276 11.1 157 7.9
(418–1,949) (182–1,182) (132–1,017) (182–825) (99–544) (52–370)
Prof. home care 1,105 9.5 605 10.1 500 8.7 443 9.9 257 10.4 186 9.3
(800–1,401) (275–925) (262–843) (320–561) (130–379) (100–308)
Family             
Informal care 1,344 11.5 735 12.3 609 10.7 544 12.1 316 12.7 228 11.5
(1,205-1,414) (370–997) (346–991) (487–569) (178–409) (133–365)
Total 11,689 100 5,973 100 5,716 100 4,479 100 2,485 100 1,995 100
(10,406-12,929) (2,533-8,757) (2,988-9,466) (3,942-4,898) (1,258-3,424) (1,076-3,215)
  1. 95%UI = 95% uncertainty intervals.