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Table 4 Undiscounted and discounted fracture lifetime costs (€) of a 50 year old woman, by fracture type for two risk classes of osteoporosis and excess

From: Expected lifetime numbers and costs of fractures in postmenopausal women with and without osteoporosis in Germany: a discrete event simulation model

Direct cost Undiscounted Discounted (3%)
By fracture type Average risk (95%UI) % Not at risk (95%UI) % Excess (95%UI) % Average risk (95%UI) % Not at risk (95%UI) % Excess (95%UI) %
Hip 3,399 42.7 1,449 34.4 1,950 52.1 1,277 39.1 585 30.9 692 50.4
(2,933-4,116) (398–2,466) (1,070-3,179) (1,102-1,541) (204–939) (394–1,108)
Other femur 388 4.9 188 4.5 200 5.3 157 4.8 85 4.5 72 5.2
(316–461) (83–270) (106–331) (126–181) (44–114) (39–115)
Clinical vertebral 1,452 18.2 880 20.9 573 15.3 623 19.1 404 21.3 219 15.9
(1,156-2,042) (504–1,425) (279–983) (494–886) (251–631) (109–367)
Humerus 1,182 14.9 664 15.8 518 13.8 532 16.3 328 17.3 204 14.9
(951–1,377) (320–846) (299–829) (422–611) (180–395) (121–318)
Pelvis 773 9.7 413 9.8 360 9.6 295 9.0 169 8.9 126 9.2
(617–958) (173–646) (176–609) (236–364) (83–253) (63–209)
Wrist 763 9.6 621 14.7 143 3.8 385 11.8 324 17.1 61 4.4
(557–1,070) (423–876) (71–252) (282–550) (229–467) (31–103)
Total 7,958 100 4,214 100 3,744 100 3,269 100 1,895 100 1,374 100
(6,883-8,940) (2,027-6,018) (2,045-5,939) (2,814-3,664) (1,064-2,538) (774–2,134)
  1. 95%UI = 95% uncertainty intervals; costs due to long term care are not included.