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Table 1 Demographic data and crude mortality outcomes for emergency medical diagnoses and emergency surgical procedures

From: Variations and inter-relationship in outcome from emergency admissions in England: a retrospective analysis of Hospital Episode Statistics from 2005–2010

Diagnosis/procedure Abbreviation Acute myocardial infarction AMI Acute heart failure CCF Stroke CVA Pneumonia LRTI Pulmonary embolism PE Urosepsis UTI Sepsis SEPSIS Cardiac arrest ARREST Acute pancreatitis PANC Fractured neck of femur NOF
Number of cases/procedures 296673 206400 289806 458064 74282 390616 110240 13168 58159 185567
Mean patient age (years [SE]) 70.2 (0.026) 78.4 (0.025) 75.2 (0.025) 70.9 (0.027) 64.4 (0.063) 69.5 (0.035) 65.7 (0.061) 70.0 (0.138) 56.1 (0.080) 80.9 (0.026)
Male proportion (% [SE]) 63.2 (0.0009) 50.0 (0.0011) 47.4 (0.0009) 50.8 (0.0007) 47.0 (0.0018) 34.3 (0.0008) 49.3 (0.0015) 59.3 (0.0043) 52.3 (0.0021) 25.1 (0.0010)
RCS Charlson co-morbidity score (%) 0(49.2) 0(0) 0(0) 0(32.3) 0(0) 0(45.0) 0(32.1) 0(37.3) 0(64.7) 0(46.5)
1(29.6) 1(32.4) 1(51.2) 1(36.2) 1(58.9) 1(31.2) 1(35.6) 1(32.2) 1(25.1) 1(34.2)
2(13.3) 2(35.4) 2(31.9) 2(19.5) 2(28.3) 2(15.1) 2(19.9) 2(18.2) 2(7.4) 2(13.4)
3(7.8) 3(32.2) 3(16.8) 3(12.0) 3(12.8) 3(8.7) 3(12.4) 3(12.3) 3(2.8) 3(5.9)
Social deprivation quintile (%) 1(21.4) 1(22.9) 1(20.7) 1(25.1) 1(19.5) 1(24.1) 1(22.8) 1(21.9) 1(27.0) 1(18.5)
2(20.7) 2(21.4) 2(20.4) 2(21.5) 2(19.7) 2(21.8) 2(21.0) 2(20.6) 2(21.7) 2(19.6)
  3(20.7) 3(20.7) 3(20.7) 3(19.7) 3(20.6) 3(20.0) 3(20.0) 3(20.0) 3(19.1) 3(21.1)
4(19.8) 4(19.0) 4(20.3) 4(18.1) 4(20.6) 4(18.4) 4(19.1) 4(19.4) 4(17.3) 4(21.3)
5(17.5) 5(16.1) 5(18.1) 5(15.6) 5(19.6) 5(15.8) 5(17.1) 5(18.1) 5(15.1) 5(19.5)
In-hospital mortality rate (% [SE]) 12.1 (0.0006) 17.0 (0.0008) 24.8 (0.0008) 26.3 (0.0007) 8.0 (0.0010) 5.1 (0.0004) 27.7 (0.0013) 66.7 (0.0041) 5.7 (0.0010) 9.8 (0.0007)
1-year mortality rate (% [SE]) 22.8 (0.0008) 41.9 (0.0011) 37.5 (0.0009) 42.9 (0.0007) 21.8 (0.0015) 24.3 (0.0007) 44.6 (0.0015) 72.1 (0.0039) 10.3 (0.0013) 28.4 (0.0010)
28-day emergency readmission rate (% [SE]) 28.6 (0.0008) 36.9 (0.0011) 19.0 (0.0007) 29.2 (0.0007) 24.2 (0.0015) 29.4 (0.0007) 33.2 (0.0014) 26.4 (0.0038) 25.1 (0.0018) 20.0 (0.0009)
Median (IQR) length of stay (days) 6 (7) 7 (11) 11 (24) 6 (9) 6 (6) 4 (9) 6 (11) 14 (21) 6 (7) 16 (18)
Diagnosis/procedure Hernia repair Appendicectomy Upper gastrointestinal emergency laparotomy Colorectal emergency surgery Emergency urological surgery Ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysm Endovascular repair of ruptured AAA Emergency carotid endarterectomy Lower limb arterial bypass Lower limb amputation
Abbreviation HERNIA APPEND PEPTIC COLOLAP UROL AAA EVAR CEA LEAB AMP
Number of procedures 42302 141538 10237 42366 51963 6687 729 1234 10267 16411
Mean patient age (years [SE]) 63.2 (0.091) 33.9 (0.042) 59.4 (0.195) 65.5 (0.081) 59.0 (0.083) 73.5 (0.102) 73.5 (0.410) 71.0 (0.280) 70.3 (0.141) 66.5 (0.125)
Male proportion (% [SE]) 57.0 (0.0024) 51.7 (0.0013) 58.5 (0.0049) 47.5 (0.0024) 67.0 (0.0021) 83.3 (0.0046) 79.4 (0.0150) 66.5 (0.0134) 62.9 (0.0048) 70.2 (0.0036)
RCS Charlson co-morbidity score (%) 0(65.3) 0(88.7) 0(65.7) 0(35.3) 0(43.4) 0(0.5) 0(3.2) 0(0.65) 0(14.1) 0(12.6)
1(24.3) 1(10.3) 1(23.5) 1(42.4) 1(33.9) 1(59.7) 1(44.2) 1(49.2) 1(40.0) 1(27.4)
2(7.5) 2(0.9) 2(7.9) 2(16.1) 2(15.6) 2(28.2) 2(31.1) 2(31.0) 2(28.1) 2(32.4)
3(3.0) 3(0.2) 3(2.9) 3(6.3) 3(7.2) 3(11.6) 3(21.5) 3(19.2) 3(17.8) 3(27.6)
Social deprivation quintile (%) 1(21.2) 1(20.8) 1(31.3) 1(19.3) 1(20.6) 1(17.6) 1(19.4) 1(18.0) 1(25.8) 1(25.6)
2(20.9) 2(20.7) 2(21.7) 2(19.7) 2(20.1) 2(20.1) 2(20.4) 2(20.7) 2(21.4) 2(22.3)
3(20.8) 3(20.0) 3(17.6) 3(20.6) 3(20.2) 3(22.0) 3(19.3) 3(21.0) 3(20.4) 3(20.3)
4(19.7) 4(19.4) 4(16.2) 4(20.7) 4(19.7) 4(21.6) 4(22.5) 4(22.0) 4(17.4) 4(17.6)
5(17.4) 5(19.2) 5(13.2) 5(19.8) 5(19.5) 5(18.6) 5(18.5) 5(18.4) 5(15.1) 5(14.2)
In-hospital mortality rate (% [SE]) 3.1 (0.0008) 0.2 (0.0001) 16.7 (0.0037) 15.7 (0.0018) 3.6 (0.0008) 33.5 (0.0058) 13.2 (0.0125) 1.4 (0.0033) 12.1 (0.0032) 10.5 (0.0024)
1-year mortality rate (% [SE]) 8.7 (0.0014) 0.5 (0.0002) 22.1 (0.0041) 29.6 (0.0022) 20.7 (0.0018) 38.4 (0.0059) 22.8 (0.0155) 6.8 (0.0072) 26.5 (0.0044) 25.8 (0.0034)
28-day emergency readmission rate (% [SE]) 15.7 (0.0018) 10.8 (0.0008) 16.3 (0.0037) 23.1 (0.0020) 29.4 (0.0020) 22.3 (0.0051) 31.3 (0.0172) 14.2 (0.0010) 32.8 (0.0046) 25.8 (0.0034)
Median (IQR) length of stay (days) 3 (4) 3 (2) 9 (11) 15 (15) 5 (8) 16 (17) 10 (11) 5 (6) 14 (18) 20 (31)
  1. SE = Standard Error.
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