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Table 1 Literature review of the studies using PACIC questionnaire (N = 22)

From: Adaptation and validation of the patient assessment of chronic illness care in the French context

Study Country Sample size Chronic condition(s)* Factor analysis Gender (% male) Age (mean + SD or %) PACIC mean score (SD)
Maindal et al. [37] Denmark 481 DM Confirmatory 60% 66,4 (10,7) 2,83 (-)
Rosemann et al. [25] Germany 236 OA Exploratory 45% - 2,44 (1,1)
Schmittdiel et al. [46] USA 4,108 RESP; DM; HF; CAD; Pain No 50% 61,9 (14,7) 2,7 (1,1)
Vrijhoef et al. [44] Netherlands 89 COPD; HF; Arthritis; Geriatric disorders No 49% 56% " > 65 years" 2,6 (-)
Taggart et al. [42] Australia 2,438 DM; IHD Exploratory 47% 63,2 (-) 3,01 (1,07)
Taggart et al. [42] Australia 914 DM; IHD Exploratory 43% 57,4% " ≥ 60 years" 3,07 (1,06)
Aragones et al. [27] USA (Spanish language) 100 DM Confirmatory 21% - 3,17 (0,82)
Wensing et al. [41] Netherlands 165 DM; COPD Exploratory 53% 68 (10,3) 2,9 (1)
Rick et al. [39] UK 2,439 Various Confirmatory 51% 51,7% " ≥ 65 years" 2,4 (0,87)
Ludt et al. [47] Europe 1,745 CVD No 68% 67,8 (9,9) 2,84 (-)
Szecsenyi et al. [45] Germany 1,399 DM No 46% 70,3 (8,5) 2,86 to 3,21 Glasgow
Glasgow et al. [24] USA 266 Various Confirmatory 44% 64,2 (10,5) 2,6 (1)
Mackey et al. [26] USA 1,823 DM No 35% 51,5 (16,7) 3,05 (1,19)
Glasgow et al. [17] USA 363 DM No 53% 64,1 (11,9) 3,2 (0,9)
Cramm & Nieboer [38] Netherlands 1,321 CVD Confirmatory 53% 63,8 (10,2) 2,68 (0,86)
Cramm & Nieboer [38] Netherlands 917 COPD No 52% 63,99 (10,19) 2,89 (0,89)
Cramm & Nieboer [48] Netherlands 1,570 CVD No 53% 66,11 (10,57) 2,77 (0,86)
Cramm & Nieboer [50] Netherlands 892 COPD No 54% 66.1 (10.6) 2.89 (0.9)
Cramm & Nieboer [49] Netherlands 283 Older people (>65 years) Confirmatory 46% 75.8 (6.8) -
Cramm & Nieboer [51] Netherlands 548 COPD No 54% 69.1 (10.2) 2.85 (0.92)
Gugiu et al. [19, 28] USA 529 DM Confirmatory/ Exploratory 52.70% 63,4 (-) -
Spicer et al. [18] New Zealand 307 DM; CDV; RESP; Pain - 56% 68,4 (-) -
McIntosh [40] Canada 936 - Confirmatory - _ -
  1. *DM: Diabetes; CVD: Cardiovascular disease; OA: Osteoarthritis; CAD: Coronary artery disease; COPD: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease; IHD: Ischaemic heart disease; HF: Heart failure; RESP: Respiratory problems (e.g. Asthma).