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Table 1 Characteristics of the study sample

From: The association between managed care enrollments and potentially preventable hospitalization among adult Medicaid recipients in Florida

Characteristics Medicaid All working-age sample1
All HMO FFS
Patients’ characteristics (N) 254,321 59,200 195,121 1,114,151
Hospitalization (%)     
  ACSC admission 17.80 25.44 15.48 22.04
  Non-ACSC admission 82.20 74.56 84.52 77.96
Age group in years (%)     
  18-24 28.01 19.18 30.69 12.06
  25-40 36.85 32.94 38.04 29.96
  41-64 35.14 47.89 31.27 57.98
Sex (%)     
  Male 23.09 29.82 21.05 38.43
  Female 76.91 70.18 78.95 61.57
Race (%)     
  White 43.67 40.51 44.63 60.28
  Black 30.50 39.99 27.62 20.93
  Others 25.83 19.50 27.75 18.79
Number of comorbidities (%)    
  None 19.37 12.25 21.53 12.01
  One 13.90 10.30 14.99 11.88
  Two or more 66.73 77.45 63.47 76.11
County characteristics 2     
Rurality (%)     
  Rural 2.43 0.64 2.97 2.13
  Urban 97.57 99.36 97.03 97.87
MMC Penetration rates (%)     -
  < 50% 14.89 20.74 13.11 17.16
  50% - 60% 7.75 6.80 8.04 9.18
  60% - 70% 72.33 65.48 74.41 68.58
  > 70% 5.03 6.99 4.44 5.07
Number of Medicaid HMO (%)     
  1 11.33 2.97 13.86 12.07
  2 – 5 26.14 26.18 26.12 27.50
  6 or more 62.54 70.85 60.01 60.43
HHI of MMC (%)     
  < 0.25 57.03 60.53 55.97 54.23
  > 0.25 42.97 39.47 44.03 45.77
Availability of Primary Care (%)     
  Low 13.66 11.51 14.31 13.44
  High 86.34 88.49 85.69 86.56
Availability of Hospital Beds (%)     
  Low 14.80 10.85 15.99 15.53
  High 85.20 89.15 84.01 84.47
Availability of CHC (%)     
  Low 96.66 98.44 96.12 97.08
  High 3.34 1.56 3.88 2.92
  1. 1All working-age samples include all payer groups.
  2. 2County-level variables were disaggregated to the patient-level.