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Table 3 Determinants of public health professionals’ knowledge and attitudes concerning predictive genetic testing for chronic diseases

From: Are public health professionals prepared for public health genomics? A cross-sectional survey in Italy

Variables OR 95% CI
Model 1: Knowledge about predictive genetic testinga.
Hours per week dedicated to continuing medical education (<1 = 0; 1-5 = 1; 6-10 = 2; > 10 = 3)b 1.53 1.14 – 2.04
Exposure to predictive genetic tests during postgraduate training (No = 0; Yes = 1) 1.74 1.05 – 2.88
English language knowledge (Very low = 0; low = 1; intermediate = 2; good = 3; excellent = 4)b 1.36 1.07 – 1.72
Medical degree (No = 0; Yes = 1) 0.54 0.32 – 0.92
Model 2: Attitudes about predictive genetic testingc.
Hours per week dedicated to continuing medical education (<1 = 0; 1-5 = 1; 6-10 = 2; > 10 = 3)b 1.31 1.06 – 1.61
Exposure to cancer genetic tests during undergraduate training (No = 0; Yes = 1) 1.53 1.03 – 2.26
Medical degree (No = 0; Yes = 1) 2.17 1.34 – 3.51
Knowledge about predictive genetic testing (Not adequate = 0; adequate = 1)a 3.98 2.44 – 6.50
  1. Note: OR: Odds Ratio. CI: Confidence Interval.
  2. aPhysicians were classified as those who answered correctly all questions on predictive genetic testing (Table 2) vs. all others.
  3. bVariable modeled as ordinal because linearity was assessed.
  4. cPublic health professionals were divided into those who showed positive public health attitudes in all questions (Table 4) vs. all others.