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Table 2 Access to diagnosis and treatment for patients in Dourados from June 2009 to July 2011 (N = 109)

From: Health-service performance of TB treatment for indigenous and non-indigenous populations in Brazil: a cross-sectional study

Access to diagnosis Indigenous Non-indigenous p-value
n   n  
Initially sought PHC (%) 57 43 (75) 48 31 (65) 0.32
Diagnosis in specialized service (%) 57 34 (60) 48 31 (65) 0.75
Diagnosis time ≥ 5 weeks (%) 53 27 (51) 47 22 (47) 0.69
Number of appointments before diagnosis ≥ 3 times (%) 50 22 (46) 48 22 (44) 0.85
Sought health services closer to home? Mean ± SD 57 1.42 ± 1.48 50 2.26 ± 1.71 <0.01*
Waited more than 1 hour to be seen? Mean ± SD 57 2.89 ± 1.99 50 2.40 ± 1.69 0,22*
Had difficulties reaching health services? Mean ± SD 56 3.75 ± 2.14 50 3.70 ± 1.77 0,94*
Spent money on transportation to reach health services? Mean ± SD 57 4.40 ± 1.79 51 3.80 ± 1.76 <0.01*
Missed work or appointments for the medical appointment? Mean ± SD 57 2.82 ± 2.19 51 3.39 ± 1.83 0,10*
Access to treatment  
Ability to obtain an appointment in 1 day Mean ± SD 57 3.70 ± 1.96 52 3.82 ± 2.18 0,72*
Underwent TB treatment at the health facility closest to home? Mean ± SD 57 4.28 ± 1.71 52 4.00 ± 1.65 0,11*
How often does a health professional travel to your home to deliver TB medication? Mean ± SD 56 4.57 ± 0.89 51 1.68 ± 1.04 <0.01*
  1. Access to diagnosis. 1 = always, 2 = almost always, 3 = sometimes, 4 = rarely, and 5 = never. Access to treatment. 1 = never, 2 = almost never, 3 = sometimes, 4 = almost always, and 5 = always.
  2. 1 = Self-administered, 2 = every 15 to 30 days, 3 = 1 to 2 times a week, 4 = 3 to 4 times a week, and 5 = everyday.
  3. *Kruskal-Wallis Test.