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Table 4 Induced abortion incidence and decision-making in last three years at baseline and endline, by sex and overall (n = 2,543)

From: Evaluation of a multi-pronged intervention to improve access to safe abortion care in two districts in Jharkhand

  Male Female Total
  Baseline Endline   Baseline Endline   Baseline Endline  
  (n = 620) (n = 645)   (n = 633) (n = 645)   (n = 1,253) (n = 1,290)  
  % % p-value % % p-value % % p-value
Reported induced abortion in last 3 years          
n 24 59   29 87   53 126  
% 3.9 9.1 <0.001 4.6 13.5 <0.001 4.2 11.3 <0.001
Primary decision maker 1          
Wife 12.5 30.5 0.087 55.2 42.5 0.236 35.8 37.7 0.813
Husband 83.3 69.5 0.195 37.9 55.2 0.108 58.5 61.0 0.753
Mother in law    --- 3.4 1.1 0.410 1.9 0.7 0.452
Other relatives 4.2   --- 3.4 1.1 0.410 3.8 0.7 0.114
Provider who performed the termination 1          
Doctor at intervention site 29.2 79.7 <0.001 27.6 57.5 0.005 28.3 66.4 <0.001
Doctor at private non-intervention site 41.7 6.8 <0.001 31.0 14.9 0.055 35.8 11.6 <0.001
Health worker2 4.2 3.4 0.874 6.9 8.0 0.841 5.7 6.2 0.894
Informal providers3 12.5 8.6 0.587 17.2 17.2 1.000 15.1 13.7 0.802
Self-induced4 12.5 1.7 0.038 27.6 3.4 <0.001 20.8 2.7 <0.001
Abortion method 5          
Medical (MA) 22.2 51.7 0.028 12.5 45.2 0.004 16.7 47.9 <0.001
MVA6 16.7 43.7 0.042 20.8 52.4 0.006 19.0 48.6 0.001
D&C7 55.6 3.4 <0.001 41.7 1.2 <0.001 47.6 2.1 <0.001
Other - traditional method 0.0 1.7 0.575 25.0 2.4 <0.001 14.3 2.1 0.001
Can’t say 5.6       2.4   
Received post abortion contraception 2     66.7 67.9 0.912    
Post abortion complication 2     37.5 19.0 0.059    
  1. 1Percentage computed among the n = 146 who reported induced abortion in last 3 years. The sample sizes are as follows: male baseline = 24; male endline = 59; female baseline = 29; female endline = 87; total baseline = 53; total endline = 146.
  2. 2Health worker includes nurses, ANMs, AWWs, and ASHAs.
  3. 3Informal providers include those not approved by the government to offer abortion services, such as chemist shops, rural medical practitioners, and traditional healers.
  4. 4Self-induction is defined as women who tried home remedies, e.g., herbal concoctions, external massage, inserting objects into the vagina, and unknown tablets.
  5. 4Percentage computed among the n = 142 who reported induced abortion by provider rather than self-induced. The sample sizes are as follows: male baseline = 18; male endline = 58; female baseline = 24; female endline = 84; total baseline = 42; total endline = 142.
  6. 6MVA is defined as surgical methods done without general anesthesia, as described by women.
  7. 7D&C is defined as surgical methods done with general anesthesia, as described by women.