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Table 3 Awareness of abortion availability and methods at baseline and endline, by sex and overall (n = 2,543)

From: Evaluation of a multi-pronged intervention to improve access to safe abortion care in two districts in Jharkhand

  Male Female Total
  Baseline Endline   Baseline Endline   Baseline Endline  
  (n = 620) (n = 645)   (n = 633) (n = 645)   (n = 1,253) (n = 1,290)  
  % % p-value % % p-value % % p-value
Abortion service sites 1          
Public intervention site2 81.3 90.7 <0.001 78.4 90.7 <0.001 79.8 90.7 <0.001
Public non-intervention site2 22.4 5.9 <0.001 19.6 18.4 0.603 21.0 12.2 <0.001
Private intervention site2 0.0 16.4 <0.001 0.0 12.6 <0.001 0.0 14.5 <0.001
Private non-intervention site 4.8 33.3 <0.001 3.9 43.3 <0.001 4.4 38.3 <0.001
Chemist shop/pharmacy 21.3 7.6 <0.001 24.3 2.9 <0.001 22.8 5.3 <0.001
No idea/do not know 12.9 4.7 <0.001 15.0 1.6 <0.001 14.0 3.1 <0.001
Abortion providers 1,3          
Any health worker4 22.0 0.3 <0.001 18.2 1.8 <0.001 20.1 1.0 <0.001
Any qualified doctor5 33.1 26.5 0.685 26.8 31.0 0.116 29.9 28.7 0.507
Trained & certified doctor6 30.7 71.3 <0.001 37.4 59.7 <0.001 34.1 55.7 <0.001
No idea/do not know 14.3 1.9 <0.001 17.5 7.5 <0.001 15.9 4.6 <0.001
Abortion methods 1,7          
MA 15.8 86.8 <0.001 13.0 72.4 <0.001 14.4 79.6 <0.001
MVA 5.5 32.7 <0.001 5.7 28.5 <0.001 5.6 30.6 <0.001
D&C 4.7 18.0 <0.001 3.6 30.5 <0.001 4.2 24.3 <0.001
  1. 1Respondents were able to select all that apply; the total for each category will not sum to 100%.
  2. 2Correct responses according to the India MTP Act.
  3. 3Percentage computed among respondents reporting awareness of abortion services.
  4. 4Includes Nurse, ANM, RMP, etc.
  5. 5Any medical doctor
  6. 6Trained and certified medical doctors. Note that the BCC campaign specifically promoted the idea that only CAC trained medical doctors can provide abortion services.
  7. 7Percentage computed among those who know of any abortion methods.