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Table 2 Knowledge of legal indications of abortion at baseline and endline, by sex and overall (n = 2,543)

From: Evaluation of a multi-pronged intervention to improve access to safe abortion care in two districts in Jharkhand

  Male Female Total
  Baseline Endline   Baseline Endline   Baseline Endline  
  (n = 620) (n = 645)   (n = 633) (n = 645)   (n = 1,253) (n = 1,290)  
  % % p-value % % p-value % % p-value
Legal indications          
Pregnancy due to contraceptive failure 13.5 36.1 <0.001 13.9 42.6 <0.001 13.7 39.4 <0.001
Rape 14.4 59.5 <0.001 12.8 59.7 <0.001 13.6 59.6 <0.001
Women's health in danger 13.9 36.3 <0.001 17.5 53.2 <0.001 15.7 44.7 <0.001
Serious fetal deformity 13.5 30.4 <0.001 15.2 44.0 <0.001 14.4 37.2 <0.001
Gestational limit          
Legal for pregnancy only up to 20 weeks1 8.1 0.5 <0.001 4.1 0.0 <0.001 6.1 0.2 <0.001
Correct knowledge of the law 2 18.9 30.7 <0.001 23.9 57.8 <0.001 21.4 44.3 <0.001
  1. 1Pregnancy beyond 20 weeks is not legal under the MTP Act.
  2. 2This includes both legal indications and the gestational limit. Under the 1971 Medical Termination of Pregnancy (MTP) Act, abortion is legal in India for a wide range of indications: to save the woman’s life and in cases of grave threats to the woman’s physical or mental health, as well as in cases of rape, fetal abnormality or failure of contraception for married women.