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Table 1 Comparison of linked tele-CDSMP cohort versus non-linked

From: Impact of a chronic disease self-management program on health care utilization in rural communities: a retrospective cohort study using linked administrative data

Variables measured at baseline Overall n (%) or mean (SD)
   Linked Non-linked**
   (n = 104) (n = 107)
Age*   65.3 (8.9) 68.4 (9.8)
Gender    
  Female 80 (76.9%) 80 (74.8%)
  Male 24 (23.1%) 27 (25.2%)
Marital Status*    
  Married 58 (55.8%) 48 (44.9%)
  Single 6 (5.8%) 8 (7.5%)
  Separated 4 (3.8%) 1 (0.9%)
  Divorced 9 (8.7%) 16 (15.0%)
  Widowed 27 (26.0%) 34 (31.8%)
Income*+    
  < 20,000 21 (20.2%) 24 (22.4%)
  20 – 39,000 32 (30.8%) 39 (36.4%
  40 – 59,000 32 (30.5%) 16 (15.0%)
  60 – 79,000 5 (4.8%) 9 (8.4%)
  ≥ 80,000 9 (8.7%) 4 (3.7%)
Education    
  Less than high school 34 (32.4%) 42 (39.3%)
  High school diploma 33 (31.7%) 34 (31.8%)
  Post-secondary degree 32 (30.8%) 28 (26.2%)
  Graduate degree 5 (4.8%) 3 (2.8%)
Co-morbidity    
  Lung disease 39 (37.5%) 28 (26.2%)
  Heart disease 57 (54.8%) 50 (46.2%)
  Arthritis 87 (83.7%) 73 (68.2%)
  Stroke 13 (12.5%) 6 (0.06%)
  Diabetes 33 (31.7%) 26 (24.3%)
Self-efficacy score   6.5 (1.7) 6.7 (1.8)
Health Behaviours    
  Aerobic exercise behaviour (min/week) 127.6 (116.1) 136.1 (114.2)
  Stretching exercise behaviour (min/week) 55.4 (67.9) 47.7 (59.6)
  Cognitive symptom management score 1.7 (0.9) 1.6 (1.0)
  Communication with physicians score 3.2 (1.2) 3.1 (1.6)
Health Status    
  Self-rated health 3.3 (1.1) 3.3 (1.1)
  Stanford HAQ disability scale 0.4 (0.4) 0.4 (0.4)
  Social/Role Activities Limitation score 1.4 (1.1) 1.3 (1.1)
  Pain Severity 66.0 (18.5) 64.5 (20.8)
  Mood Assessment Scale 8.1 (6.1) 7.9 (5.9)
  Health distress 1.6 (1.2) 1.8 (1.3)
  1. *Significant differences between linked cohort and non-linked cohort (p < 0.05).
  2. **Participants were unable to be linked to the administrative data.
  3. +Missing data due to prefer not to say and/or left blank.