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Table 4 Participants’ characteristics as regards type of professional in service utilization, most prevalent mental disorders (MD) and psychological distress in past 12 months as reported at T2 (N = 1,823)

From: Determinants and patterns of service utilization and recourse to professionals for mental health reasons

   Service utilization Major depression Panic disorder Social phobia Psychological distress
(n=467) (n=157) (n=33) (n=61) (n=651)
   n % P value n % P value1 n % P value2 n % P value3 n % P value4
Professionals visited in past 12 months reported at T1 Family physician 70 15.0   27 17.2 < .001* 4 12.1 .035** 4 6.6 .292** 41 6.3 < .001*
  Psychologist 48 10.3   16 10.2 < .001* 3 9.1 .054** 5 8.2 .006* 28 4.3 .001*
  Psychiatrist 36 7.7   13 8.3 < .001* 1 3.0 .485** 3 4.9 .117** 21 3.2 .004*
  Other professionals 37 7.9   9 5.7 .001* 1 3.0 .495** 4 6.6 .033** 17 2.6 .189*
  Psychologist and family physician 102 21.8   32 20.4 < .001* 4 12.1 .109** 8 13.1 .009* 56 8.6 < .001*
  Psychiatrist and family physician 93 19.9   30 19.1 < .001* 4 12.1 .084** 6 9.8 .087* 52 8.0 < .001*
  Psychiatrist and psychologist 69 14.8   21 13.4 < .001* 3 9.1 .126** 7 11.5 .001* 38 5.8 .001*
  Psychiatrist, family physician and psychologist 116 24.8   32 20.4 < .001* 4 12.1 .154** 9 14.8 .006* 61 9.4 < .001*
  Psychiatrist, family physician, psychologist and other professionals 138 29.6   35 22.3 < .001* 4 12.1 .309** 11 18.0 .002* 71 10.9 < .001*
  1. *Pearson’s chi-square test; **Fisher’s exact test.
  2. 1Compare to those without Major depression.
  3. 2Compare to those without Panic disorder.
  4. 3Compare to those without Social phobia.
  5. 4Compare to those without Psychological distress.