Skip to main content

Table 1 Variables assessed in the study

From: Determinants and patterns of service utilization and recourse to professionals for mental health reasons


Measuring instruments

Predisposing factors


Canadian Community Health Survey of Mental Health and Well-Being CCHS 1.2 [39]






Self-perception of physical health


Self-perception of mental health


Importance attributed to spirituality


Number of children in the household


Problems with the law in past 12 months

Enabling factors

Household income

CCHS 1.2 [39]


Personal income


Quality of life

Satisfaction with Life Domains Scale [40]


Neighborhood characteristics

Physical Conditions of the Neighbourhood [41]


Neighbourhood Disorder Scale [42]


Community Participation Scale [43]


Social support

Resident Disempowerment Scale [44]


Social Provisions Scale (SPS) [45]

Needs-related factors

Mental disorders (MD) in past 12 months (major depression, mania, panic disorder, social phobia, agoraphobia, post-traumatic stress disorder, alcohol dependence, drug dependence)

Composite International Diagnostic Interview (CIDI), [39]


Number of MD in past 12 months


Emotional problems in past 12 months

CCHS 1.2 [39]


Victims of violence in past 12 months

CCHS 1.2 [39]


Aggressive behaviors in past 12 months

Modified Observed Aggression Scale (MOAS) for aggressive behaviours [46]


Psychological distress

K-10 psychological distress scale [47]