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Table 1 Characteristics of the study sample

From: Sociodemographic, clinical and organisational factors associated with delayed hospital discharges: a cross-sectional study

Characteristics All (n = 6,325) DHD
   No (n = 5,815) Yes (n = 510)
Patients’ characteristics    
Age in years, mean [SD] 73.9 [15.9] 73.5 [16.1] 78.4 [12.5]
Sex (%)    
Male 2,876 (45.5) 2,670 (45.9) 206 (40.4)
Female 3,449 (54.5) 3,145 (54.1) 304 (59.6)
Admission status (%)    
Elective 1,294 (20.5) 1,218 (20.9) 76 (14.9)
Urgent 5,031 (79.5) 4,597 (79.1) 434 (85.1)
Patient’s residence (%)    
Same province as that of the operative unit 5,640 (89.2) 5,177 (89.0) 463 (90.8)
Other province as that of the operative unit 269 (4.2) 253 (4.4) 16 (3.1)
Other region 387 (6.1) 361 (6.2) 26 (5.1)
Abroad 29 (0.5) 24 (0.4) 5 (1.0)
Provision of intensive care (%)    
No 5,972 (94.4) 5,510 (94.8) 462 (90.6)
Yes 353 (5.6) 305 (5.2) 48 (9.4)
Procedure type (%)    
Minor diagnostic 1,575 (24.9) 1,480 (25.5) 95 (18.6)
Minor therapeutic 2,103 (33.3) 1,892 (32.5) 211 (41.4)
Major diagnostic 63 (1.0) 59 (1.0) 4 (0.8)
Major therapeutic 2,133 (33.7) 1,961 (33.7) 172 (33.7)
None 451 (7.1) 423 (7.3) 28 (5.5)
Number of comorbidities *    
None 929 (14.7) 896 (15.4) 33 (6.5)
One 838 (13.2) 770 (13.2) 68 (13.3)
Two or more 4,558 (72.1) 4,149 (71.4) 409 (80.2)
Operative unit and hospital characteristics    
Operative unit discipline (%)    
General surgery 896 (14.2) 868 (14.9) 28 (5.5)
Geriatrics 543 (8.6) 508 (8.7) 35 (6.9)
Internal medicine 2,703 (42.7) 2,537 (43.6) 166 (32.6)
Orthopaedics/traumatology 907 (14.3) 820 (14.1) 87 (17.1)
Long-term/rehabilitation 1,276 (20.2) 1,082 (18.6) 194 (38.0)
Type of hospital (%)    
Local Health Authority Hospital 4,505 (71.2) 4,185 (72.0) 320 (67.2)
Hospital Trust 1,820 (28.8) 1,630 (28.0) 190 (32.8)
  1. *Number of comorbidities retrieved at the index admission and in the two previous years.
  2. DHD, delayed hospital discharge; SD, standard deviation; IQR, interquartile range.