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Table 5 Odds ratios for ADEs in England, Germany, and the USA

From: International prevalence of adverse drug events in hospitals: an analysis of routine data from England, Germany, and the USA

Variable England Germany USA
  Odds ratio [95% CI]
Male 0.810 [0.809–0.812] 0.894 [0.890–0.898] 1.225 [1.222–1.227]
Emergency 8.082 [8.065–8.099] 1.391 [1.384–1.397] 2.336 [2.331–2.341]
Operation 0.367 [0.366–0.367] 0.591 [0.588–0.594] 0.544 [0.543–0.545]
Age ≤ 53 years 1.076 [1.073–1.078] 0.648 [0.645–0.651] 0.842 [0.840–0.844]
Length of stay ≤ 10 days 0.340 [0.339–0.341] 0.376 [0.374–0.378] 0.418 [0.416–0.420]
  1. Confidence intervals are indicated in square brackets.