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Table 3 Correlations between patient safety culture composites

From: Patient safety culture in a large teaching hospital in Riyadh: baseline assessment, comparative analysis and opportunities for improvement

  Frequency of events reported Overall perception of safety
  Pearson r N Pearson r N
Supervisor/Manager expectations and actions promoting safety 0.081* 1328 0.323* 1304
Organizational learning-continuous improvement 0.311* 1341 0.287* 1318
Teamwork within hospital units 0.186* 1349 0.297* 1326
Communication openness 0.168* 1342 0.184* 1311
Feedback and communication about errors 0.413* 1345 0.203* 1315
Non-punitive response to error 0.023 1323 0.176* 1304
Staffing -0.087* 1328 0.222* 1310
Hospital management support for patient safety 0.265* 1344 0.352* 1317
Hospital handoffs and transitions 0.175* 1311 0.222* 1284
Teamwork across hospital units 0.209* 1321 0.276* 1292
  1. *Correlation is significant at the 0.01 level (2-tailed).