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Table 1 Barriers to immunisation services by public and private immunisation facilities (Cluster adjusted)

From: Urban settings do not ensure access to services: findings from the immunisation programme in Kampala Uganda

Varriable Proportion of total Immunisation facility Unadjusted Adjusted
  % (95% CI) Public n (%) Private n (%) OR (95% CI) OR (95% CI)
Distance to the immunisation facility     
<2 km 76 (73–79) 399 (73) 197 (79) 0.73 (0.39-1.34)  
>2 km 24 (21–27) 145 (27) 52 (21) 1  
Household wealth index      
Top quintile, Least poor 20 (17–23) 93 (17) 64 (27) 1 1
4th quintile 20 (17–23) 122 (22) 38 (19) 2.21 (1.51-3.22) 1.49 (0.77-2.81)
3rd quintile 19 (16–22) 102 (19) 47 (20) 1.49 (0.57-3.88) 2.11 (0.96-4.65)
2nd quintile 21 (18–24) 112 (21) 50 (21) 1.56 (0.74-3.29) 1.35 (0.59-3.11)
Bottom quintile, poorest 20 (17–23) 116 (21) 42 (17) 1.89 (0.93-3.86) 2.81 (1.58-5.00)
Place of delivery      
Hospital 63 (60–67) 376 (68) 134 (54) 1 1
Health centre 30 (26–33) 138 (25) 100 (40) 0.49 (0.35-0.68) 0.64 (0.27-1.49)
Home 7 (4–9) 40 (7) 16 (6) 0.88 (0.45-1.72) 0.74 (0.19-2.89)
Duration participants are willing to wait for services    
<1 hour 43 (39–46) 236 (43) 101 (40) 1  
1-3 hours 24 (21–27) 130 (23) 65 (26) 0.86 (0.48-1.54)  
>3 hours 33 (30–37) 188 (34) 84 (34) 0.97 (0.50-1.85)  
Has ever missed an immunisation appointment     
Yes 44 (41–47) 234 (42) 119 (48) 1  
No 56 (53–59) 321 (58) 131 (52) 1.38 (0.69-2.75)  
Reason for missing appointment      
Caretaker related 73 (68–78) 164 (70) 90 (77) 1  
Child related 27 (22–32) 69 (30) 27 (23) 1.42 (0.81-2.47)  
Developed abscess after immunisation     
Yes 6 (4–8) 36 (7) 17 (7) 1  
No 94 (92–96) 519 (93) 233 (93) 1.06 (0.52-2.21)  
Developed fever after immunisation     
Yes 43 (40–47) 214 (39) 138 (55) 1 1
No 57 (53–60) 341 (61) 112 (45) 1.96 (1.37-2.79) 1.08 (0.49-2.38)
Sought care after child developed fever     
Yes 89 (86–92) 189 (88) 125 (91) 1 1
No 11 (8–14) 25 (12) 13 (9) 1.25 (0.64-2.43) 1.31 (0.75-2.29)
Would be hindered if health worker were rude     
Yes 25 (22–28) 138 (25) 63 (25) 0.97 (0.62-1.53)  
No 75 (72–78) 416 (75) 185 (75) 1  
Do you incur costs for immunisation     
Yes 62 (59–65) 324 (58) 176 (70) 1 1
No 38 (35–41) 231 (42) 74 (30) 1.69 (1.02-2.82) 0.60 (0.37-1.00)
Do you incur transport costs while seeking immunisation services   
Yes 45 (41–48) 262 (47) 101 (40) 1.32 (0.83-2.08)  
No 55 (52–59) 293 (53) 149 (60) 1  
Transport costs would hinder seeking immunisation services    
Yes 30 (26–33) 164 (30) 74 (30) 1.01 (0.63-1.60)  
No 70 (67–74) 391 (70) 176 (70) 1