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Table 1 Baseline demographic, health and ulcer characteristics

From: Health service pathways for patients with chronic leg ulcers: identifying effective pathways for facilitation of evidence based wound care

Characteristic Total*n = 70 Venous n = 32 (46%) Mixed n = 24 (34%) Arterial n = 6 (9%) Diabetic n = 6 (9%)
Demographic      
Age, mean ± SD 67 ± 13.9 64 ± 14.3 71 ± 12.2 75 ± 16.4 67 ± 11.82
Gender:      
female 32 (46%) 18 (55%) 8 (35%) 3 (50%) 3 (50%)
male 38 (54%) 15 (46%) 15 (65%) 3 (50%) 3 (50%)
Lived alone 14 (20%) 6 (18%) 5 (22%) 1 (17%) 2 (33%)
Primary carer 8 (11%) 5 (15%) 3 (13%) 0 (0%) 0 (0%)
Income:      
age or disability pension 44 (64%) 16 (49%) 18 (82%) 6 (100%) 0 (0%)
unemployment benefit 6 (8%) 3 (9%) 0 (0%) 0 (0%) 0 (0%)
employed/self-funded retiree 19 (28%) 12 (36%) 4 (18%) 0 (0%) 1 (17%)
current smoker 10 (16%) 5 (17%) 4 (19%) 1 (17%) 0 (0%)
Co morbidities/Health      
Cardiac disease 24 (34%) 5 (15%) 13 (57%) 3 (50%) 2 (33%)
Hypertension 45 (64%) 16 (49%) 18 (78%) 3 (50%) 6 (100%)
Osteoarthritis 30 (43%) 11 (33%) 13 (57%) 2 (33%) 2 (33%)
Rheumatoid disease 8 (11%) 3 (9%) 4 (17%) 0 (0%) 1 (17%)
Other autoimmune disease 7 (10%) 5 (15%) 1 (4%) 1 (17%) 0 (0%)
Diabetes 17 (24%) 2 (6%) 8 (35%) 0 (0%) 6 (100%)
Peripheral arterial disease 16 (23%) 5 (16%) 5 (22%) 4 (67%) 2 (33%)
Past Deep Vein Thrombosis 13 (19%) 9 (27%) 3 (13%) 0 (0%) 1 (17%)
Varicose veins 39 (56%) 21 (64%) 15 (65%) 2 (33%) 1 (17%)
Previous lower limb surgery or trauma 54 (77%) 22 (67%) 21 (91%) 4 (67%) 5 (83%)
History of previous leg ulcers 47 (67%) 24 (73%) 14 (61%) 3 (50%) 5 (83%)
Required an aid to mobilise 15 (21%) 8 (24%) 6 (26%) 0 (0%) 1 (17%)
Ulcer clinical characteristics on admission      
Ulcer area (median, range) 2.5 cm2 (0.1–45.3) 2.9 cm2 (0.8–45.3) 2.5 cm2 (0.8 –39.4) 2.35 cm2 (0.2–3.8) 1.9 cm2 (0.1–9.8)
Ulcer duration (median, range) 22 weeks (2–728) 24 weeks (2–188) 15 weeks (6–728) 13 weeks (10–130) 21 weeks (3–56)
PUSH score (mean ± SD) 9.8 ± 2.9 10.6 ± 2.6 9.9 ± 2.6 8.2 ± 2.9 9 ± 3.5
Lower leg oedema present 55 (79%) 28 (85%) 19 (83%) 4 (67%) 3 (50%)
Venous eczema 12 (17%) 5 (15%) 5 (22%) 0 (0%) 2 (33%)
Clinical signs of wound infection 8 (11%) 4 (12%) 2 (9%) 1 (17%) 1 (17%)
  1. *There were two other ulcers which did not fit into the ulcer type categories: one a non-healing wound post-surgery, the other a pressure ulcer on the foot.
  2. SD = Standard Deviation.