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Table 2 Univariate analysis of differences between CBHI and non-CBHI districts

From: Achieving universal health coverage through voluntary insurance: what can we learn from the experience of Lao PDR?

  CBHI (26) Non-CBHI (114) t-test
Population density (per km2) 184.62 46.42 -2.571*
Poverty rate (%) 29.6 40.1 3.386**
Literacy rate (%) 79.00 64.2 -4.061**
% of labor non-agriculture 33.38 12.09 -5.868**
% HHs with electricity 73.7 41.87 -5.948**
Avg time to nearest health center (mins) 57.65 161 4.5322**
% pop Lao-tai (vs. ethnic minority) 56.09 26.93 -3.741**
% pop Buddhist 79.48 53.29 -3.71**
  1. *Significant at 5%;**significant at 1%. Reported results are based on t-tests of means. When these variables are modelled using a probit model, only two variables are significant: the percentage of labor in non-agriculture activities, and time to the nearest health facility.