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Table 3 Regression analysis (multivariate): variables predicting adequate time, freedom of clinical decisions, and high quality of care (five-point scale, 1 = strongly disagree, 5 = strongly agree)

From: Physicians’ perceptions of quality of care, professional autonomy, and job satisfaction in Canada, Norway, and the United States

  Adequate time Clinical freedom High quality of care
  Unst. B 95% CI Adj. r 2= 0.06 Unst. B 95% CI Adj. r 2= 0.07 Unst. B 95% CI Adj. r 2= 0.11
Age (five age groups from 1 <35 to 5 > 65) 0.13* 0.11 to 0.16   0.00 −0.02 to 0.02   0.02 −0.01 to 0.04  
Gender (1 = male, 2 = female) −0.13* −0.18 to −0.07   −0.08* −0.12 to −0.03   −0.13* −0.18 to −0.08  
Hours in direct patient care (seven groups 1 <30 to 7 > 70) −0.10* −0.12 to −0.09   −0.05* −0.07 to −0.04   −0.04* −0.06 to −0.02  
Country means          
U.S. (reference)          
Canada −0.55* −0.60 to −0.49   −0.58* −0.63 to −0.54   −0.88* −0.93 to −0.83  
Norway −0.30* −0.41 to −0.18   −0.53* −0.61 to −0.44   −0.51* −0.61 to −0.40  
  1. *p < 0.01.