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Table 1 Characteristics and Chi-square analysis of the health examination utilization in the visually disabled population

From: Health examination utilization in the visually disabled population in Taiwan: a nationwide population-based study

      Used Did not use χ2
Variables    N = 47812 % n1 = 7728 % n2 = 40084 % p-value
Overall utilization rate     16.16    
Gender          <.001*
  Female   23450 49.05 4014 17.12 19436 82.88  
  Male   24362 50.95 3714 15.25 20648 84.75  
Age          <.001*
  40-44   1555 3.25 264 16.98 1291 83.02  
  45-49   3264 6.83 650 19.91 2614 80.09  
  50-54   4092 8.56 908 22.19 3184 77.81  
  55-59   4935 10.32 1184 23.99 3751 76.01  
  60-64   4790 10.02 1225 25.57 3565 74.43  
  65-69   6020 12.59 843 14 5177 86  
  70   23156 48.43 2654 11.46 20502 88.54  
Education          <.001*
  Primary school and below 29471 61.64 4518 15.33 24953 84.67  
  Middle school 4534 9.48 847 18.68 3687 81.32  
  High school 4729 9.89 855 18.08 3874 81.92  
  Post-secondary education 2649 5.54 438 16.53 2211 83.47  
  Unknown   6429 13.45 1070 16.64 5359 83.36  
Marital status         <.001*
  Married   28765 60.16 4890 17 23875 83  
  Single   3486 7.29 560 16.06 2926 83.94  
  Divorced or widowed 2265 4.74 369 16.29 1896 83.71  
  Unknown   13296 27.81 1909 14.36 11387 85.64  
Aboriginal status         0.000*
  Yes   651 1.36 138 21.2 513 78.8  
  No   47161 98.64 7590 16.09 39571 83.91  
Urbanization level         <.001*
  Level 1   5123 10.71 685 13.37 4438 86.63  
  Level 2   9005 18.83 1509 16.76 7496 83.24  
  Level 3   6367 13.32 1014 15.93 5353 84.07  
  Level 4   3740 7.82 653 17.46 3087 82.54  
  Level 5   6997 14.63 1179 16.85 5818 83.15  
  Level 6   5340 11.17 896 16.78 4444 83.22  
  Level 7   6527 13.65 1070 16.39 5457 83.61  
  Level 8   4713 9.86 722 15.32 3991 84.68  
Premium-based monthly salary (NT$)        <.001*
  Dependent 18495 38.68 2386 12.9 16109 87.1  
  <15,840   9688 20.26 1494 15.42 8194 84.58  
  16,500-22,800 14324 29.96 2675 18.67 11649 81.33   
  24,000-28,800 1499 3.14 351 23.42 1148 76.58   
  30,300-36,300 1299 2.72 328 25.25 971 74.75   
  38,200-45,800 1954 4.09 422 21.6 1532 78.4   
  48,200-57,800 553 1.16 72 13.02 481 86.98   
Low-income household        0.185
  Yes   1470 3.07 256 17.41 1214 82.59  
  No   46342 96.93 7472 16.12 38870 83.88  
Catastrophic illness/injury        <.001*
  Yes   4240 8.87 539 12.71 3701 87.29  
  No   43572 91.13 7189 16.5 36383 83.5  
Relevant chronic disease        
  Cancer         <.001*
   Yes 2278 4.76 288 12.64 1990 87.36  
   No 45534 95.24 7440 16.34 38094 83.66  
  Endocrine and metabolic disorder       <.001*
   Yes 21852 45.7 4326 19.8 17526 80.2  
   No 25960 54.3 3402 13.1 22558 86.9  
  Mental disorder        <.001*
   Yes 11338 23.71 2287 20.17 9051 79.83  
   No 36474 76.29 5441 14.92 31033 85.08  
  Diseases of the nervous system       <.001*
   Yes 6991 14.62 1360 19.45 5631 80.55  
   No 40821 85.38 6368 15.6 34453 84.4  
  Diseases of the circulatory system       <.001*
   Yes 26891 56.24 4892 18.19 21999 81.81  
   No 20921 43.76 2836 13.56 18085 86.44  
  Diseases of the respiratory system       <.001*
   Yes 12016 25.13 2385 19.85 9631 80.15  
   No 35796 74.87 5343 14.93 30453 85.07  
  Diseases of the digestive system       <.001*
   Yes 18885 39.5 3774 19.98 15111 80.02  
   No 28927 60.5 3954 13.67 24973 86.33  
  Diseases of the genitourinary system       0.272
   Yes 3465 7.25 583 16.83 2882 83.17  
   No 44347 92.75 7145 16.11 37202 83.89  
  Diseases of the musculoskeletal system and connective tissue     <.001*
   Yes 19214 40.19 3895 20.27 15319 79.73  
   No 28598 59.81 3833 13.4 24765 86.6  
  Diseases of the eyes and adnexa       <.001*
   Yes 21623 45.23 4075 18.85 17548 81.15  
   No 26189 54.77 3653 13.95 22536 86.05  
  Infectious disease        <.001*
   Yes 2599 5.44 507 19.51 2092 80.49  
   No 45213 94.56 7221 15.97 37992 84.03  
  Congenital anomalies        <.001*
   Yes 986 2.06 208 21.1 778 78.9  
   No 46826 97.94 7520 16.06 39306 83.94  
  Diseases of skin and subcutaneous tissue      <.001*
   Yes 5602 11.72 1090 19.46 4512 80.54  
   No 42210 88.28 6638 15.73 35572 84.27  
  Diseases of blood and blood-forming organs      <.001*
   Yes 2632 5.5 511 19.41 2121 80.59  
   No 45180 94.5 7217 15.97 37963 84.03  
  Diseases of the ear and mastoid process       <.001*
   Yes 5135 10.74 1060 20.64 4075 79.36  
   No 42677 89.26 6668 15.62 36009 84.38  
Severity of disability         <.001*
  Mild   15622 32.67 2993 19.16 12629 80.84  
  Moderate   14050 29.39 2421 17.23 11629 82.77  
  Severe   18138 37.94 2314 12.76 15824 87.24  
  Very severe 2 0 0 0 2 100   
  1. *p < 0.05.