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Table 3 Engagement in quality improvement initiatives by hospitals with and without endocrinologists

From: Differences in the structure of outpatient diabetes care between endocrinologist- led and general physician- led services

Type of quality improvement initiative With endocrinologist No endocrinologist Total p value
  n = 21 n = 14 n = 35  
  % (n) % (n) % (n)  
  Always/usually Sometimes/rarely/never Always/usually Sometimes/rarely/never Always/usually Sometimes/rarely/never  
Health care professional training/education 86 (18) 14 (3) 57 (8) 43 (6) 74 (26) 26 (9) .11
Structured patient education 95 (20) 5 (1) 79 (11) 21 (3) 89 (31) 11 (4) .28
Assist patients in setting and attaining self-management goals 100 (21) 0 (0) 93 (13) 7 (1) 97 (34) 3 (1) .40
Use patient held records to facilitate correspondence with patients 67 (14) 33 (7) 86 (12) 14 (2) 74 (26) 26 (9) .26
Carry out audit and feedback 52 (11) 48 (10) 21 (3) 79 (11) 40 (14) 60 (21) .09
Use patient reminder systems for upcoming hospital appointments 52 (11) 48 (10) 57 (8) 43 (6) 54 (19) 46 (16) 1.0