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Table 4 Time to complete medication reconciliation tasks at discharge per hospital unit

From: Medication reconciliation at admission and discharge: a time and motion study

Medication reconciliation tasks Geriatrics Internal medicine General surgery
  Time (minutes)   Time (minutes)   Time (minutes)
N (%) Mean (SD) Min Max N (%) Mean (SD) Min Max N (%) Mean (SD) Min Max
Preparing the discharge prescription 21 29.0 (23.8) 5.2 91.7 21 19.4 (11.7) 1.2 44.0 20 9.9 (18.2) 1.9 84.0
  Reviewing in-hospital medications 19 (90.5) 2.4 (1.5) 0.1 6.2 18 (85.7) 2.4 (2.2) 0.0 8.1 15 (75.0) 2.2 (2.0) 0.3 7.8
  Reviewing community medications or chart notes 18 (85.7) 1.9 (1.0) 0.6 4.4 11 (52.4) 2.3 (2.4) 0.2 8.5 9 (45.0) 1.4 (1.5) 0.2 5.2
  Self-reported timea 1 (4.8) 5 (.) 5.0 5.0 3 (14.3) 4.7 (3.5) 1.0 8.0 0 (0.0)    
  Discussing community medications with patient 0 (0.0)     1 (4.8) 1.4 (.) 1.4 1.4 0 (0.0)    
  Discussing the discharge prescription with patient 4 (19.0) 20.0 (13.4) 7.4 38.8 6 (28.6) 5.1 (2.7) 2.5 8.4 3 (15.0) 25 (43.0) 0.2 74.7
  Consulting with other health professionals about the discharge prescription 14 (66.7) 5.3 (7.4) 0.0 27.7 13 (61.9) 5.3 (4.2) 0.1 15.5 5 (25.0) 1.8 (1.8) 0.2 4.2
  Writing the discharge prescription 21 (100.0) 7.1 (6.5) 0.4 23.7 21 (100.0) 5.5 (3.9) 1.1 19.7 19 (95.0) 3.4 (2.6) 0.6 9.4
  Reviewing the discharge prescription 17 (81.0) 4.7 (2.8) 1.0 11.4 16 (76.2) 4 (4.9) 0.1 19.9 2 (10.0) 0.7 (0.3) 0.6 0.9
  Revising the discharge prescription after consulting other clinicians 7 (33.3) 1.6 (1.6) 0.0 4.8 3 (14.3) 1.3 (1.9) 0.1 3.5 0 (0.0)    
  Revising the discharge prescription after consulting the patient 1 (4.8) 1.5 (.) 1.5 1.5 0 (0.0)     0 (0.0)    
  Other final documentation 4 (19.0) 29.8 (12.7) 19.3 48.0 1 (4.8) 0.8 (.) 0.8 0.8 1 (5.0) 1.6 (.) 1.6 1.6
  Faxing discharge information to pharmacy 2 (9.5) 3.8 (3.8) 1.1 6.5 4 (19.0) 9.9 (6.5) 2.3 16.2 0 (0.0)    
  1. Abbreviations: N number, SD standard deviation, Min minimum, Max maximum.
  2. aAny additional time spent by a health care professional looking at the patient's chart before a research assistant arrived to start timing.