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Table 2 Visits frequency per child and type of visits by citizenship, Reggio Emilia (Italy), 2008-2010

From: Effects of immigrant status on Emergency Room (ER) utilisation by children under age one: a population-based study in the province of Reggio Emilia (Italy)

  Italians   Immigrants   Total  
N. of visits per child§° N % N % N %
0 visits 4,291 67.1 1,296 54.4 5,587 63.7
1 or more visits 2,104 32.9 1,087 45.6 3,191 36.3
   1 1,311 20.5 540 22.7 1,851 21.1
   2 482 7.5 277 11.6 759 8.7
   3 177 2.8 142 6.0 319 3.6
   4 79 1.2 69 2.9 148 1.7
   5 24 0.4 28 1.2 52 0.6
   6+ 31 0.5 31 1.3 62 0.7
Type of visit *       
Total visits 3,472 100.0 2,158 100.0 5,630 100.0
Triage code       
Red/yellow 232 6.7 129 6.0 361 6.4
Green 2,450 70.6 1,392 64.5 3,842 68.2
White 790 22.7 637 29.5 1,427 25.4
Type of discharge *       
Visits followed by hospitalisation 427 12.3 288 13.4 715 12.7
  1. § Analysis units are children.
  2. * Analysis units are visits.
  3. ° overdispersion test (i.e. Likelihood-ratio test of alpha = 0): p value < 0.001 for total cohort, for Italians and for immigrants.