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Table 2 Most responsible hospital diagnosis associated with leaving against medical advice (AMA) discharges, Manitoba, Canada; 1990–2009

From: A population-based analysis of leaving the hospital against medical advice: incidence and associated variables

Most responsible hospital diagnosis Total number of episodes AMA episode, (% of live discharges) % of total AMA episodes
Alcohol or drug abuse 24 768 2900 (11.71) 13.54
Poisonings by pharmaceuticals or alcohol 9684 730 (7.54) 3.41
Alcohol-related liver disease 2202 162 (7.36) 0.76
Diabetic ketoacidosis 4728 267 (5.65) 1.25
Tuberculosis 1353 69 (5.10) 0.32
Intracranial injuries without skull fracture 4759 216 (4.54) 1.01
Injuries with open wounds 10 636 443 (4.17) 2.07
Mental disorders except alcohol and drug abuse 82 349 1745 (2.12) 8.15
Skin and subcutaneous tissue disorders 26 340 522 (1.98) 2.44
Symptoms, signs and ill-defined conditions 102 434 1595 (1.56) 7.45
Endocrine, metabolic, nutritional, immune disorders except diabetic ketoacidosis 40 787 633 (1.55) 2.96
Infectious diseases except tuberculosis 17 965 242 (1.35) 1.13
Trauma, injury and poisoning* 117 929 1473 (1.25) 6.88
Respiratory disorders 138 875 1445 (1.04) 6.75
Hematologic disorders 13 591 129 (0.95) 0.60
Digestive disorders except alcohol-related liver conditions 215 693 2034 (0.94) 9.50
Neurologic disorders 41 637 332 (0.80) 1.55
Circulatory disorders 251 132 1921 (0.76) 8.97
Musculoskeletal system disorders 91 921 607 (0.66) 2.83
Complications of pregnancy, childbirth and the puerperium 355 735 2227 (0.63) 10.40
Genitourinary disorders 115 034 697 (0.61) 3.25
All other diagnoses and categories 127 860 670 (0.52) 3.15
Neoplasms 118 692 358 (0.30) 1.67
Totals: 1 916 104 21 417 (1.11) 100.0
  1. *Except for intracranial injuries without skull fracture, injuries with open wounds, and poisonings by pharmaceuticals or alcohol.