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Table 1 Proportion of live hospital discharges that left against medical advice (AMA), Manitoba, Canada; 1990–2009

From: A population-based analysis of leaving the hospital against medical advice: incidence and associated variables

Parameter Percentage AMA discharges Number of AMA discharges
All episodes 1.11 21 417
Sex   
Male 1.50 10 789
Female 0.89 10 628
Age   
18–34 1.61 8654
35–49 1.96 6136
50–64 1.06 3478
65+ 0.42 3149
Income quintile   
Urban 1st quintile (lowest) 2.22 5831
Urban 2nd quintile 1.10 2250
Urban 3rd quintile 0.83 1557
Urban 4th quintile 0.60 913
Urban 5th quintile (highest) 0.45 598
Rural 1st quintile (lowest) 1.67 3864
Rural 2nd quintile 1.00 2147
Rural 3rd quintile 0.78 1534
Rural 4th quintile 0.86 1393
Rural 5th quintile (highest) 0.85 1058
Not calculated* 0.57 272
Admitting Hospital   
Urban tertiary care hospital 1 1.70 5680
Urban tertiary care hospital 2 0.65 1939
Urban tertiary care hospital 3 0.92 1030
Urban community hospitals 0.82 4030
Rural hospitals 1.28 8738
Major surgical procedure group.   
Non-surgical 1.44 19 367
Surgical 0.36 2050
  1. *Includes postal codes for which average household income was not calculated, primarily including institutions such as nursing homes, other chronic care facilities and prisons.