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Table 1 Healthcare technology variables by level of difficulty

From: Healthcare technologies, quality improvement programs and hospital organizational culture in Canadian hospitals

Healthcare technology variables Difficulty measure SE Infit MNSQ Infit ZSTD Outfit MNSQ Outfit ZSTD r pm
Barcode medications 2.19 0.60 0.99 0.2 0.45 -0.2 0.23
Barcode medical charts 1.87 0.53 1.03 0.2 1.17 0 .5 0.17
Electronic medical records (EMR) 0.92 0.36 0 .92 -0.3 0.57 -0.7 0.38
Computerized reminder systems 0.78 0.36 1.12 0.6 0 .95 0 .1 0.26
Electronic nursing notes 0.53 0.34 0.95 -0.2 1.50 1.1 0.34
Computerized order sets 0.42 0.33 0.96 -0.1 0.80 -0.3 0.38
Electronic pharmacy orders 0.42 0.33 0 .98 0.0 0.75 -0.4 0.40
Medical automated recording system (MARS) 0.42 0.33 1.06 0 .4 1.32 0 .8 0.33
Computerized treatment protocols 0.22 0.31 0.95 -0.2 0.90 -0.1 0.41
Computerized physician order entry (CPOE) 0.13 0.30 0.97 -0.1 0 .72 -0.7 0.43
Automated medical administration -0.05 0.29 0.95 -0.2 0.65 -1.0 0.47
Computerized clinical guidelines -0.14 0.29 1.13 0 .9 1.50 1.5 0.32
Computerized education reference tool -0.30 0.28 1.04 0 .3 1.23 0 .8 0.39
Automated medical dispensing devices -0.60 0.27 1.00 0.1 1.18 0 .7 0.45
Picture archive and communication system (PACS) -0.94 0.26 0.90 -0.9 0.75 -1.2 0.57
Diagnostic Imaging -2.06 0.20 1.00 0 .1 1.02 0.2 0.53
Benchmarking -3.80 0.30 1.02 0 .2 1.06 0 .3 0.47
Excluded healthcare technology variables Measure SE Infit MNSQ ZSTD Outfit MNSQ ZSTD r pm
RFID 3.15 1.01 1.03 0.40 1.02 0.70 -0.02
Barcode patients 2.55 0.73 1.05 0.30 0.92 0.40 -0.01
Barcode lab reports -0.13 0.93 1.22 1.30 1.64 1.50 0.20