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Table 4 Physicians’ work organization for group and over time

From: The effects of improving hospital physicians working conditions on patient care: a prospective, controlled intervention study

  Intervention departments Control departments Significance testing
  Baseline Follow-up Baseline Follow-up Group x Time
  N = 19 N = 21 N = 19 N = 16 (ANOVA)
Indicators of hospital physicians’ work conditions M SD M SD M SD M SD F(df = 1); p
1 Workflow interruptions 4.04 .67 3.77 .68 4.05 .59 4.06 .47 0.69; n. s.
2 Conflicts in role and task demands 3.42 .60 2.83 .67 3.30 .82 3.27 .64 3.03; .09
3 Colleague support 3.11 .77 3.38 .74 3.58 .68 3.31 .46 2.91; .09
4 Quality losses 3.12 .95 2.83 .73 2.98 .93 2.83 .74 0.54; n. s.
5 Quality of cooperation with patient relatives 3.47 .51 3.71 .56 3.74 .65 3.44 .63 3.90; .05*
6 Quality of cooperation with nursing staff 3.74 .73 4.05 .59 4.00 .88 3.81 .66 2.21; n. s.
  1. Note: N Number of Physicians, M Mean, SD Standard deviation, Scale Range: Scale of indicators 1-4 1 = “not at all” to 5 = “yes, to a very great extent”; Scale of Indicators 5 and 6 1 = “very bad” to 5 = “very good”; *p < .05 Significance level, †p < .10 Significance level.