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Table 1 Participant characteristics (n = 33811)

From: Patterns of engagement with the health care system and risk of subsequent hospitalization amongst patients with diabetes

Characteristics N (%)*
Age - years, Mean (SD) 63.3 (15.4)
Age Categories  
  18-49 6509 (19.3)
  50-64 11218 (33.2)
  65-74 7639 (22.6)
  75+ 8445 (24.9)
Male 18051 (53.4)
Rural Residence 6541 (19.4)
First Nations Status 1662 (4.9)
Median Neighborhood Household Income  
  1st quintile (lowest) 8086 (23.9)
  2nd quintile 7316 (21.6)
  3rd quintile 6423 (19.0)
  4th quintile 5985 (17.7)
  5th quintile (highest) 5200 (15.4)
  Missing 801 (2.4)
Diabetes Duration - years, Median (IQR) 1.2 (0.4–2.6)
Charlson Comorbidities  
  Cancer 6299 (18.6)
  Cerebrovascular Disease 4127 (12.2)
  Congestive Heart Failure (CHF) 5435 (16.1)
  Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) 10269 (30.4)
  Dementia 2275 (6.7)
  HIV/AIDS 50 (0.2)
  Metastatic Solid Tumor 1496 (4.4)
  Myocardial Infarction 5098 (15.1)
  Mild Liver Disease 1188 (3.5)
  Moderate/Severe Liver Disease 408 (1.2)
  Para/Hemiplegia 803 (2.4)
  Peptic Ulcer Disease 1611 (4.8)
  Peripheral Vascular Disease 2676 (7.9)
  Renal Disease 2714 (8.0)
  Rheumatologic Disease 1225 (3.6)
Hypertension 7095 (21.0)
Affective Disorder 3340 (9.9)
At least 1 A1c measurement in 6 month period prior to index hospitalization 16698 (49.4)
eGFR Category (mL/min/1.73 m2)  
  ≥90 7220 (21.4)
  89-60 10391 (30.7)
  59-45 3210 (9.5)
  44-30 1722 (5.1)
  29-15 625 (1.8)
  <15 132 (0.4)
No measurement in 6 month period prior to index hospitalization 10511 (31.1)
  1. *All values expressed as proportions unless otherwise specified.