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Table 1 Respondent characteristics

From: The impact of nurse working hours on patient safety culture: a cross-national survey including Japan, the United States and Chinese Taiwan using the Hospital Survey on Patient Safety Culture

    Japan   U.S.   Taiwan
  n % n % n %
Working hours per week in this hospital <40 h 930 23.0 61,904 58.0 936 16.4
40–60 2,352 58.1 35,488 33.3 4,226 74.0
≥60 h 217 5.4 5,656 5.3 466 8.2
No answer 548 13.5 3,662 3.4 86 1.5
Years in current specialty <1 335 8.3 6,033 5.7 491 8.6
1–5 1,329 32.8 25,339 23.7 2,355 41.2
6–10 846 20.9 17,261 16.2 1,521 26.6
11–15 541 13.4 13,889 13.0 740 13.0
16–20 319 7.9 12,195 11.4 345 6.0
≥21 535 13.2 27,704 26.0 236 4.1
No answer 142 3.5 4,289 4.0 26 0.5
Patient Safety Grade Excellent 135 3.3 22,410 21.0 214 3.7
Very good 1,662 41.1 48,325 45.3 1,791 31.3
Acceptable 1,740 43.0 25,948 24.3 2,807 49.1
Poor 282 7.0 6,147 5.8 223 3.9
Failing 36 0.9 990 0.9 22 0.4
No answer 192 4.7 2,890 2.7 657 11.5
Number of Events Reported (during the past 1 year) No event reports 717 17.7 31,506 29.5 2,523 44.2
1–2 1,759 43.5 42,401 39.7 2,159 37.8
3–5 1,145 28.3 21,555 20.2 649 11.4
6–10 317 7.8 6,631 6.2 163 2.9
11–20 58 1.4 2,044 1.9 45 0.8
≥21 17 0.4 898 0.8 23 0.4
No answer 34 0.8 1,675 1.6 152 2.7
Total   4,047 100.0 106,710 100.0 5,714 100.0