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Table 2 Association between patients’ baseline characteristics and medication discrepancies

From: A multicentre, double-blind, randomised, controlled, parallel-group study of the effectiveness of a pharmacist-acquired medication history in an emergency department

Characteristics Univariate logistic regression Multivariate logistic regression
Odds ratio (95%CI) p-value Odds ratio (95%CI) p-value
Age 1.02 (1.01 - 1.04) 0.00496 1.02 (0.99 - 1.04) 0.2475
Being female 1.37 (0.74 - 2.52) 0.312 1.27 (0.56 - 2.87) 0.5659
Educational level     
   No schooling 0.83 (0.20 - 3.69) 0.800466 1.21 (0.15 - 10.33) 0.8579
   Elementary level 0.77 (0.26 - 1.98) 0.603804 0.80 (0.16 - 3.79) 0.7851
   High school level 0.70 (0.23 - 1.85) 0.492108 0.92 (0.21 - 3.69) 0.9116
Emergency department (Teaching hospitals)     
   San Carlos 0.43 (0.18 - 0.98) 0.0496 0.26 (0.07 - 0.89) 0.0366
   La Samaritana 0.32 (0.14 - 0.70) 0.00548 0.28 (0.07 - 1.00) 0.0553
Number of hospitalisations 1.18 (0.93 - 1.69) 0.242 1.00 (0.74 - 1.48) 0.9825
Allergic reaction 1.55 (0.71 - 3.79) 0.297 0.74 (0.24 - 2.34) 0.602
Number of comorbidities 1.56 (1.14 - 2.19) 0.00734 0.89 (0.53 - 1.55) 0.6774
Number of home medications 1.45 (1.25 - 1.72) 5.51E-06 1.62 (1.31 - 2.06) 3.12E-05
Intervention 0.11 (0.04 - 0.23) 4.65E-08 0.04 (0.01 - 0.11) 1.16E-09
  1. Abbreviations: CI, confidence interval.
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