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Table 3 Estimates of the public care expenditure in four care patterns

From: Does informal care reduce public care expenditure on elderly care? Estimates based on Finland’s Age Study

  Estimate of public care expenditure, adjusted for FIM and HRQoL 15D
Care received Logarithm-transformed expenditure (CI 95%) Smearing estimates of expenditure Expenditure discounted to price year 2010
Informal care only for elderly living alone 8.00 7.83 8.17 4 600 6 000
Informal care only from a co-resident family member 7.76 7.58 7.95 3 800 4 900
A combination of formal and informal care 9.07 8.94 9.20 17 200 22 300
Formal care only 9.21 8.88 9.55 19 500 25 300
  1. Within-group mean logarithm transformed expenditure with 95% confidence intervals (CI) adjusted for functional independence (FIM) and health-related quality of life (HRQoL 15D).
  2. Corresponding Smearing estimates of expenditure, and expenditure discounted to the price year 2010 with a basic service price index.