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Table 1 The characteristics of studies included in the meta-regression analysis

From: Frontier-based techniques in measuring hospital efficiency in Iran: a systematic review and meta-regression analysis

No. Author(s) Publication year Publication language Data year No. of hospitals Proportion of teaching hospitals (%) Number of input/output variables Estimation method Province Software used to assess efficiency Number of estimates
1 Abolhalaj et al. [30] 2011 Persian 2007 122 45.08 4/2 DEA NA DEAP 2.1 6
2 Ahmadkiadaliri et al. [31] 2011 English 2006 19 21.05 2/4 DEA Khuzestan DEAP 2.1 1
3 Akbari et al. [32] 2012 Persian 2005–2008 20 NA 4/3 DEA East Azerbaijan DEAP 2.1 1
4 Alemtabriz & Imanipour [33] 2009 Persian 2005–2007 16 68.75 4/5 DEA Tehran LINDO 1
5 Ardakani et al. [34] 2009 Persian 2004–2006 12 33.33 3/3 DEA Yazd LINDO 1
6 Asadi et al. [35] 2012 Persian 2008 13 38.46 3/3 DEA Yazd DEAP 2.1 1
7 Askari et al. [36] 2012 Persian 2001–2009 13 38.46 4/3 DEA Yazd DEAP 2.1 1
8 Farzianpour et al. [37] 2012 English 2008–2010 16 100.00 3/3 DEA Tehran GAMS 1
9 Goudarzi [38], Ghaderi et al. [39]* 2006, 2007 Persian 2000–2004 26 42.31 4/4, 4/1 DEA, SFA Tehran DEAP 2.1, Frontier 4.1 2
10 Goudarzi et al. [40] 2012 Persian 2001–2007 13 30.77 4/5, 4/1 DEA, SFA Lorestan DEAP 2.1, Frontier 4.1 2
11 Hajialiafzali et al. [41] 2007 English 2002 53 0.00 4/4 DEA NA DEASOFT-V1 1
12 Hatam [42] 2008 English 1996 18 0.00 2/4 DEA NA NA 1
13 Hatam et al. [43] 2010 English 2005–2006 21 NA 3/5 DEA Fars GAMS 1
14 Pourmohammadi [44] Hatam et al. [45]* 2009, 2012 Persian & English 2006–2008 64 0.00 4/4, 4/1 DEA, SFA NA WIN4DEAP, Frontier 4.1 2
15 Ilbeigi et al. [46] 2012 Persian 2009 17 NA 2/3 DEA Khorasan Razavi DEAP 2.1 1
16 Jandaghi et al. [47] 2010 English 2008 8 NA 2/3, 3/3, 5/3, 4/3 DEA Qom WIN4DEAP 4
17 Marnani et al. [48] 2012 English 2010 23 56.52 1/4 DEA Tehran WIN4DEAP 1
18 Pourreza et al. [49] 2009 Persian 1996–2006 12 83.33 4/4 DEA Tehran DEAP 2.1 1
19 Rahimi et al. [50] 2012 Persian 2009 23 17.39 3/2 DEA West Azerbaijan DEAP 2.1 1
20 Rezapoor & Asefzadeh [51] 2009 Persian 1998–2007 4 100.00 2/5 DEA Qazvin DEAP 2.1 1
21 Sabermahani et al. [52] 2009 Persian 2007 13 23.08 4/3 DEA Kerman DEAP 2.1 1
22 Sajadi et al. [53] 2009 Persian 2005–2006 23 13.04 5/5 DEA Isfahan DEAP 2.1 2
23 Salehzadeh & Ketabi [54] 2011 Persian 2007 8 37.50 2/2 DEA Qom WIN4DEAP, DEA-Master 1
24 Shahhoseini et al. [55] 2011 English 2008 12 33.33 4/5 DEA NA DEAP 2.1 1
25 Sheikhzadeh et al. [56] 2012 English 2005 11 45.45 4/3 DEA East Azerbaijan DEAP 2.1 1
26 Ahmad Kiadaliri [57]* 2005 Persian 1996–2003 8 62.50 4/4, 4/1 DEA Tehran DEAP 2.1 2
27 Najafi [58]* 2008 Persian 2000–2006 12 33.33 2/2 DEA Ardebil, Tehran DEAP 2.1 1
28 Kazemi et al. [59]* 2009 Persian 2006–2008 11 18.18 2/2 DEA Southern Khorasan, Northern Khorasan, Khorasan Razavi DEAP 2.1 2
29 Zarei [60]* 2000 Persian 1999 57 68.42 6/4 DEA Tehran NA 1
  1. *These are grey literature including thesis and conference presentations. Goudarzi and Pourmohammadi published their results of DEA application as a journal article [39, 45].
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