
Men (n = 112,800)

Women (n = 123,365)



Doctor visits

Hospital days

Doctor visits

Hospital days


Age

OR

95%CI

OR

95%CI

OR

95%CI

OR

95%CI

1829

Ref.
 
Ref.
 
Ref.
 
Ref.
 
3044

1.20*

[1.14,1.26]

1.21

[0.94,1.52]

1.10*

[1.06,1.14]

1.09

[0.97,1.23]

4564

1.98*

[1.88,2.07]

2.97*

[2.38,3.70]

1.40*

[1.35,1.45]

1.59*

[1.42,1.77]

≥65

2.82*

[2.69,2.96]

5.79*

[4.62,7.25]

1.88*

[1.82,1.95]

3.52*

[3.17,3.89]

Time period
 
19941998

Ref.
 
Ref.
 
Ref.
 
Ref.
 
19992003

0.92*

[0.88,0.95]

0.96

[0.86,1.07]

0.89*

[0.87,0.92]

0.87*

[0.80,0.94]

20042006

0.86*

[0.82,0.89]

0.85*

[0.75,0.98]

0.82*

[0.79,0.84]

0.75*

[0.68,0.83]

20072009

0.86*

[0.83,0.90]

0.73*

[0.62,0.85]

0.81*

[0.79,0.84]

0.71*

[0.64,0.78]

Income position
 
< 60%

1.28*

[1.20,1.37]

2.22*

[1.91,2.58]

1.08*

[1.03,1.12]

1.33*

[1.19,1.50]

60% < 150%

1.14*

[1.11,1.18]

1.56*

[1.41,1.73]

1.01

[0.98,1.04]

1.13*

[1.03,1.23]

≥150%

Ref.
 
Ref.
 
Ref.
 
Ref.
 
Statistics
 
chi2

3,125

1,079

2,076

1,110

p

0.000

0.000

0.000

0.000

 Data: SOEP 1994–2010.

OR Odds ratios [95% CI]: 95% confidence interval of the odds ratios based on robust standard errors. Ref.: reference category of indicator variables. All indicator variables are coded 0 = no and 1 = yes. p represents the p value for the likelihoodratio test for the respective model, chi2 is the corresponding chi2 test, n the number of observations. * p < 0.05.