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Table 1 Businesses employing people with mental illness

From: Social firms as a means of vocational recovery for people with mental illness: a UK survey

  Social firms (n = 33) Social enterprise or supported business (n = 20)
Location     
England, South 15 (39.5%) 15 (60%)
England North and Midlands 9 (23.7%) 6 (24%)
Scotland 7 (18.4%) 4 (16%)
Wales 7 (18.4%) 0 (0%)
Trade     
Manufacturing/packing/printing 11 (28.9%) 15 (60%)
Service industry 9 (23.7%) 4 (16%)
Recycling/horticulture 11 (28.9%) 3 (12%)
Catering 7 (18.4%) 3 (12%)
Mean number of years operating(range) 6.8(n = 32) (2–26) 24(n = 19) (1–65)
Annual turnover (mean; k = £1,000) £460 k(n = 25) (£38 k-£2000 k) £819 k(n = 13) (£20 k-£4500 k)
Mean percentage of income from goods/services 83%(n = 20)   70%(n = 16)  
Business makes a profit each year 17(n = 25) 68% 6(n = 18) 33%
Mean number of employees (range) 15.2(n = 21) (2–56) 36.5(n = 12) (5–130)
Median number of employees with MH problems (range) 3(n = 32) (1–70) 6.5(n = 24) (1–110)
Business has MH employees in management 13(n = 26) 50% 6(n = 16) 37.5%
Businesses employing people with     
Schizophrenia 11(n = 22) (50%) 7(n = 13) (53.8%)
Bipolar Disorder 6(n = 21) (28%) 7(n = 12) (58.3%)
Anxiety / Depression 15(n = 21) (71.4%) 11(n = 12) (91.6%)
MH sickness impacts on day to day running of business 13(n = 31) (41.9%) 12(n = 20) (60%)
MH sickness impacts on long term viability of business 5(n = 31) (16.1%) 7(n = 20) (35%)
Receives income from NHS or mental health charity 10(n = 32) (31.2%) 3(n = 20) (15%)
Business liaises with mental health service 22(n = 32) (68.7%) 14(n = 20) (70%)
  1. † n = 38 Social Firms, n = 25 supported businesses/social enterprises as includes basic information from firms who did not complete questionnaire.
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