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Table 1 The five stages of chronic kidney disease (CKD)[5]

From: Multidisciplinary teams, and parents, negotiating common ground in shared-care of children with long-term conditions: A mixed methods study

Stage Glomerular filtration rate Description Treatment stage
1 90+ Normal kidney function but urine findings or structural abnormalities or genetic trait point to kidney disease Observation, control of blood pressure.
2 60-89 Mildly reduced kidney function, and other findings (as for stage 1) point to kidney disease Observation, control of blood pressure and risk factors.
3 30-59 Moderately reduced kidney function Observation, control of blood pressure and risk factors.
4 15-29 Severely reduced kidney function Planning for end stage kidney failure.
5 <15 or on dialysis Very severe, or end stage kidney failure (sometimes called established renal failure) Treatment choices (e.g. Dialysis or a kidney transplant).
  1. Currently 870 UK children are receiving treatment for stage 5 CKD [6]. As children will have CKD for life and are at risk of long-term complications, early diagnosis and optimal management are essential [4, 7].