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Table 8 Subgroup - analysis by country of birth of patients with Turkish migration background concerning linguistic proficiency, literacy, comprehension

From: How do hospitalised patients with Turkish migration background estimate their language skills and their comprehension of medical information – a prospective cross-sectional study and comparison to native patients in Germany to assess the language barrier and the need for translation

Self-rated German and Turkish linguistic proficiency and literacy
German language “How would you rate your German linguistic proficiency?”
T born T n(%): 1: 9(10.47) 2: 22(25.58) 3: 34(39.53) 4: 15(17.44) 5: 6(6.98) mean ± SD: 2.85 ± 1.06  
        p < 0.0001
T born G n(%): 1: 0(0) 2: 0(0) 3: 2(5.71) 4: 13(37.14) 5: 20(57.14) mean ± SD: 4.51 ± 0.61  
Turkish language “How would you rate your Turkish linguistic proficiency?”
T born T n(%): 1: 0(0) 2: 3(3.49) 3: 18(20.93) 4: 46(53.49) 5: 19(22.09) mean ± SD: 3.94 ± 0.76  
        p = 0.374
T born G n(%): 1: 1(2.86) 2: 0(0) 3: 4(11.43) 4: 20(57.14) 5: 10(28.57) mean ± SD: 4.09 ± 0.82  
German language in daily activities “Is your German sufficient for your everyday-life activities?”
T born T n(%): 1 §: 13(15.12) 2: 22(25.58) 3: 23(26.74) 4: 13(15.12) 5: 15(17.44) mean ± SD: 2.94 ± 1.21  
        p < 0.0001
T born G n(%): 1 §: 0(0) 2: 0(0) 3: 0(0) 4: 9(25.71) 5: 26(74.29) mean ± SD: 4.74 ± 0.44  
German literacy “How well can you read and write in German?”
T born T n(%): 1: 27(31.40) 2: 13(15.12) 3: 23(26.74) 4: 15(17.44) 5: 8(9.30) mean ± SD: 2.58 ± 1.34  
        p < 0.0001
T born G n(%): 1: 0(0) 2: 0(0) 3: 1(2.86) 4: 9(25.71) 5: 25(71.43) mean ± SD: 4.69 ± 0.53  
Turkish literacy “How good can you read and write in Turkish?”
T born T n(%): 1: 15(17.44) 2: 3(3.49) 3: 15(17.44) 4: 30(34.88) 5: 23(26.74) mean ± SD: 3.50 ± 1.39  
        p = 0.110
T born G n(%): 1: 1(2.86) 2: 3(8.57) 3: 3(8.57) 4: 19(54.29) 5: 9(25.71) mean ± SD: 3.91 ± 0.98  
Interaction between patient and physician in charge
Reception of information “How well did you understand what the physician told you?”
T born T n(%): 1*: 11(12.79) 2*: 13(15.12) 3*: 29(33.72) 4*: 19(22.09) 5*: 14(16.28) mean ± SD: 3.14 ± 1.24  
        p < 0.0001
T born G n(%): 1*: 0(0) 2*: 0(0) 3*: 3(8.57) 4*: 11(31.43) 5*: 21(60.00) mean ± SD: 4.51 ± 0.66  
  1. n, Number; SD, Standard deviation; T, Patients with Turkish migration background, born T, Born in Turkey, born G, Born in Germany, Rating: 1 = very bad, 2 = bad, 3 = average, 4 = good, 5 = very good. 1§ = very bad/only with the help of a translator, 1* = not at all, 2* = a little, 3* = mediocre, 4* = well, 5* = very well.