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Table 3 Summary of multiple logistic regression analyses using predisposing, enabling and need factors as predictors of substance abuse treatment utilization

From: Barriers to alcohol and other drug treatment use among Black African and Coloured South Africans

Independent variables Coloured participants (N = 489) Black African participants (N =500)
  OR a(95% CI)b,c OR (95% CI)d
Predisposing variables   
Gender (Male) 0.66 (0.34-1.31) 0.98 (0.21-4.57)
NES (values range from 10-90) 0.99 (0.91-6.61) ----------------- e
Need for treatment variables   
Think need treatment (Yes) ----------------- e 13.70 (1.44-125.00)
Others think need treatment (Yes) 1.28 (0.54-3.06) 38.46 (3.98-333.33)
SOCRATES Problem Recognition scale (values range from 7 to 35) 1.04 (0.95-1.13) 0.87 (0.73-1.05)
SOCRATES Ambivalence scale (values range from 4 to 20) 1.04 (0.89-1.23) 1.12 (0.87-1.45)
SOCRATES Taking Steps to Change scale (values range from 8 to 40) 1.05 (0.99-1.12) 1.30 (1.13-1.48)
Enabling/restricting variables   
Awareness: # known treatment centres (values range from 0-8) 4.42 (2.96-6.61) 35.50 (11.33-111.25)
Geographic access: Time to treatment in 15 min intervals (values range from 1-9) 0.49 (0.30-0.81) 0.04 (0.01-0.15)
Affordability barriers scale (values range from 1-5) 0.83 (0.79-0.87) 0.90 (0.83-0.98)
Stigma consciousness scale (values range from 1-10) 2.04 (1.52-2.73) 1.31 (0.89-1.95)
  1. a OR Odds Ratio.
  2. b 95% CI = 95% confidence intervals.
  3. c Model summary: χ2 (10; N = 489) = 422.89, p < 0.001; Nagelkerke R2 = 0.579.
  4. d Model summary: χ2 (10; N = 500) = 590.91, p < 0.001; Nagelkerke R2 = 0.691.
  5. e Variables not entered into the model.
  6. f The bolded odds ratios refer to statistically significant associations.