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Table 2 Predisposing, need and enabling variables by utilization for each race group

From: Barriers to alcohol and other drug treatment use among Black African and Coloured South Africans

Variables Coloured Black/African
  No use controls (N = 276) Mean (SD) Treatment use (N = 213) Mean (SD) Effect size (ORa: 95% CIb/ r pb c No use controls (N = 279) Mean (SD) Treatment use (N = 221) Mean (SD) Effect size (OR: 95% CI/ r pb
Predisposing variables
Age 26.22 (5.95) 24.98 (5.54) −0.11* 24.63 (5.92) 24.93 (3.99) 0.03
Education (years) 10.96 (1.51) 11.54 (1.47) 0.19** 11.95 (1.37) 11.55 (1.66) −0.13**
NES 43.77 (3.49) 41.37 (5.86) −0.25** 40.96 (2.71) 41.47 (4.17) 0.07
Need for treatment variables
Think need treatment (n,%) 128 (46.4%) 133 (62.4%) 1.92: 1.34-2.77 192 (68.8%) 210 (95.0%) 8.65: 4.48-16.69
Others think need treatment (n,%) 195 (70.7%) 190 (89.2%) 3.43:2.07-5.68 199 (71.3%) 202 (91.4%) 4.27:2.50-7.31
SOCRATES- Problem recognition 21.61 (8.07)) 26.37 (6.94) 0.30*** 22.89 (6.07) 27.86 (3.67) 0.43***
SOCRATES-Ambivalence 12.66 (4.47) 15.06 (3.50) 0.28*** 13.95 (3.20) 16.04 (2.04) 0.35***
SOCRATES- Taking steps 17.57 (5.61) 22.86 (7.61) 0.37*** 17.30 (3.45) 27.20 (8.28) 0.63***
Enabling variables
Treatment concerns scale 28.36 (9.27) 31.61 (6.05) 0.20*** 24.52 (7.29) 27.86 (8.65) 0.21***
Stigma consciousness scale 7.95 (1.51) 8.70 (1.34) 0.25*** 7.30 (1.48) 8.48 (1.88) 0.33***
Awareness of AOD Treatment (# of known treatment centres) 2.44 (0.99) 3.83 (0.80) 0.60*** 1.65 (0.67) 3.96 (0.86) 0.84***
Geographic access (Time to treatment) 3.63 (0.59) 2.92 (0.80) −0.45*** 3.70 (0.50) 2.53 (0.64) −0.72***
Affordability barriers 37.71 (6.48) 24.98 (8.19) −0.66*** 39.81 (5.81) 30.73 (9.75) −0.50***
  1. a OR Odds Ratio.
  2. b 95% CI = 95% confidence intervals.
  3. c r pb = point-biserial correlation coefficient.
  4. *p < .05; ** p < .01; *** p < .001.