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Table 4 Optometrists’ sensitivity and specificity for identifying diabetic retinopathy, presented by formal education level

From: Sensitivity and specificity of Norwegian optometrists’ evaluation of diabetic retinopathy in single-field retinal images – a cross-sectional experimental study

  Sensitivity Specificity
  Any DR (n=7) Mild DR (n=5) Moderate DR (n=2) No DR (n=7)
  % (95%CI) % (95%CI) % (95%CI) % (95%CI)
All optometrists (n=74) 67 (62 to 72) 54 (47 to 61) 100 84 (80 to 89)
Formal education a,**     
 BSc or lower (n=51) 63 (56 to 69) 48 (39 to 57) 100 84 (78 to 89)
 MSc (n= 22) 77 (71 to 84) 68 (59 to 77) 100 85 (77 to 93)
  1. BSc, Bachelor of science; CI, confidence interval; DR, diabetic retinopathy; MSc, master of science.
  2. a Missing data for 1 optometrist.
  3. Student t-test P**<0.01 statistically significant difference in sensitivity between optometrists with MSc and optometrists with BSc or even lower formal education.