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Table 4 Relationships between current health status characteristics and reported professional and non-professional contacts for mental health problems (N = 2101)

From: Factors associated with reported service use for mental health problems by residents of rural and remote communities: cross-sectional findings from a baseline survey

Health status characteristic Sub-group n Professional service utilisation Non-professional service utilisation
   n (%) OR (99% CI) n (%) OR (99% CI)
Overall mental health:      
  Good to excellent [0] 1825 223 (12)   145 (7.9)  
  Poor/fair [3] 273 140 (51) 6.49 (4.47, 9.43)** 95 (35) 5.55 (3.64, 8.45)**
Overall physical health:      
  Good to excellent [0] 1671 242 (14)   161 (9.6)  
  Poor/fair [1] 426 121 (28) 2.25 (1.59, 3.18)** 79 (19) 2.33 (1.54, 3.52)**
Kessler K-10 (current distress) score:      
  10-15 [0] 1481 145 (9.8)   89 (6.0)  
  16-24 [1] 478 139 (29) 3.43 (2.41, 4.88)** 98 (21) 3.61 (2.37, 5.49)**
  25-50 [3] 131 77 (59) 11.5 (6.80, 19.5)** 54 (41) 10.4 (5.87, 18.5)**
AUDIT:      
  0-7 [0] 1785 294 (16)   191 (11)  
  8+ [1] 294 65 (22) 1.40 (0.91, 2.14) 47 (16) 1.70 (1.03, 2.78)*
PHQ-9 symptomatology:      
  No symptoms [0] 1686 213 (13)   137 (8.1)  
  Depressive symptoms [2] 400 147 (37) 3.62 (2.58, 5.07)** 104 (26) 3.77 (2.54, 5.58)**
Recent adverse life events:      
  0-2 [0] 1644 223 (14)   131 (8.0)  
  3-5 [1] 359 96 (27) 2.12 (1.47, 3.06)** 80 (22) 3.06 (2.02, 4.64)**
  >5 [3] 46 29 (63) 7.74 (3.36, 17.8)** 19 (41) 5.63 (2.40, 13.2)**
Smoking status:      
  No [0] 1820 283 (16)   191 (10)  
  Yes [1] 265 78 (29) 1.95 (1.31, 2.91)** 47 (18) 1.53 (0.95, 2.48)
  1. Note: Based on a series of hierarchical logistic regressions, in which socio-demographic characteristics were entered simultaneously at step 1 (Table 3), followed by each of the current health status variables separately at step 2 (Table 4): * p < 0.01; ** p < 0.001. Only participants with the full set of socio-demographic characteristics were included. OR: Odds Ratio; CI: Confidence Interval. Values in square brackets in the left-hand column reflect the weight given to each response category in calculating a Provisional Service Need Index.
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