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Table 4 Introducing the referral issue in the consultations and corresponding mean referral rates 1

From: High referral rates to secondary care by general practitioners in Norway are associated with GPs’ gender and specialist qualifications in family medicine, a study of 4350 consultations

GP Lowest quartile,   Highest quartile,   All GPs  
strata referral rate   referral rate   
<10% ,   >=16%,   
n = 1102   n = 1047   n = 4350
consultations   consultations   consultations
n = 11 GPs   n = 11 GPs   n = 44 GPs
  Referral Referral Referral Referral Referral Referral
issue rate issue rate issue rate
introduced   introduced   introduced  
% % % % % %
(95% CI) (95% CI) (95% CI) (95% CI) (95% CI) (95% CI)
(n/N) (n/N) (n/N) (n/N) (n/N) (n/N)
Referral rate,       
%   7.8   20.9   13.7
(95% CI)   (6.2 – 9.4)   (18.5 –23.4)   (12.7–1 4.7)
(n/N)   (86/1102)   (219/1047)   (595/4350)
Referral 18.0 43.4 31.3 66.8 23.0 59.4
issue (15.7–20.2) (36.5–50.4) (28.5- 34.1) (61.7–71.9) (21.8 - 24.3) (56.4 - 62.5)
introduced (198/1102) (86/198) (328/1047) (219/328) (1001/4350) (595/1001)
Referral       
issue of 26.3 51.9 29.0 66.3 29.4 59.5
introduced (20.3 - 33.0) (38.1–65.7) (24.1 - 34.2) (56.7 –75.9) (26.6 – 32.3) (53.9 - 65.2)
by patient (52/198) (27/52) (95/328) (63/95) (294/1001) (175/294)
Referral       
issue 73.7 40.4 71.0 67.0 70.6 59.4
introduced (67.0 - 79.7) (32.4–48.5) (65.8 - 75.9) (60.9 –73.4) (67.8 - 73.5) (55.8 - 63.0)
by GP (146/198) (59/146) (233/328) (156/233) (707/1001) (420/707)
  1. 1Comparing strata of GPs, by referral rate.
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