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Table 2 GPs’ referral rates to secondary care, N=4350 consultations 1

From: High referral rates to secondary care by general practitioners in Norway are associated with GPs’ gender and specialist qualifications in family medicine, a study of 4350 consultations

   #GPs Mean referral rates per 100 consultations (n / N) Adjusted 95% CI
odds ratio
    % (median)    
Total mean (median) referral rate    13.7 (13.0) (595/4350)   
    Range: 4.0 - 28.0    
Variables       
Patients’ gender Male, 0   13.0 (248/1911)   
  Female, 1   14.2 (347/2439) 1.05 (0.88 - 1.27)
Patients’ age 0-9 years   8.0 (19/238) 0.432 (0.26 - 0.73)
  10-29 years   16.4 (104/636) 1  
  30-49 years   15.4 (180/1166) 0.90 (0.69 - 1.18)
  50-69 years   13.3 (176/1321) 0.773 (0.59 - 1.0009)
  >=70 years   11.7 (116/989) 0.642 (0.48 - 0.86)
GPs’ gender Male, 0 30 12.6 (12) (376/2977)   
  Female, 1 14 16.0 (13) (219/1373) 1.252 (1.03 - 1.52)
GPs’ age < 35 years 12 13.0 (11) (152/1174) 0.702 (0.55 - 0.91)
  35 – 49 years 17 16.1 (15) (270/1676) 1  
  >= 50 years 15 11.5 (12) (173/1500) 0.83 (0.65 - 1.07)
Specialists in family medicine No, 0 22 14.9 (15) (321/2149)   
  Yes, 1 22 12.5 (12) (274/2201) 0.762 (0.60 - 0.96)
Solo practice No, 0 39 13.3 (12) (510/3850)   
  Yes, 1 5 17.0 (15) (85/500) 1.30 (0.98 - 1.71)
Practice type Private practice, 0 27 12.1 (12) (324/2675)   
  Salaried, 1 17 16.2 (16) (271/1675) 1.362 (1.11 - 1.66)
Travel time to nearest hospital <30 minutes 12 13.0 (12) (156/1201) 0.94 (0.70 - 1.25)
  30 - 89 minutes 12 16.7 (15) (192/1148) 1  
  >= 90 minutes 20 12.3 (12) (247/2001) 0.804 (0.64 - 1.02)
Country where medical degree was obtained Abroad=0 13 14.8 (14) (184/1247) Not included in model  
  Norway=1 31 13.3 (12) (411/3103)   
  1. 1Mean referral rates and probability of referral by various variables analyzed by naive multivariable logistic regression.
  2. 2 p<0.05.
  3. 3 p=0.051.
  4. 4 p=0.068.
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