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Table 3 Sample characteristics on health care utilization variables, 2007-2011

From: Place of death and health care utilization for people in the last 6 months of life in Switzerland: a retrospective analysis using administrative data

  Total Place of death Home Hospital Nursing home p a)
Health care expenditures mean (CHF) 17,686.7 11,194.3 23,193.7 16,579.0 ***
Standard deviation 15,719.1 13,700.5 19,698.9 8,462.3  
Proportion with values (%) 98.3 93.7 100.0 100.0  
GP consultations mean 2.9 3.0 3.8 1.9 ***
Standard deviation 4.5 4.4 4.7 4.2  
Proportion with values (%) 55.1 58.6 68.6 37.8  
Specialist consultations mean 0.8 0.8 1.2 0.3 ***
Standard deviation 2.5 2.7 2.9 1.6  
Proportion with values (%) 26.0 27.4 36.3 13.8  
Length of stay hospital mean 16.9 9.7 29.0 9.0 ***
Standard deviation 25.6 19.3 30.0 18.5  
Proportion with values (%) 60.8 38.7 99.9 34.7  
Length of stay nursing home mean 58.3 14.2 16.7 137.1 ***
Standard deviation 74.8 42.0 45.1 53.0  
Proportion with values (%) 45.6 15.1 17.4 99.5  
Home care costs mean (CHF) 766.9 1,265.7 832.4 317.8 ***
Standard deviation 2,369.1 3,357.0 2,221.7 1,294.6  
Proportion with values (%) 28.8 36.1 36.8 14.4  
Different ATC-codes mean 11.3 10.6 13.5 9.5 ***
Standard deviation 8.8 9.1 8.8 8.1  
Proportion with values (%) 84.9 84.4 93.8 75.5  
  1. CHF indicates Swiss francs; GP, general practitioner; ATC, Anatomical Therapeutic Classification * P < 0.10, ** P < 0.05, *** P < 0.01.
  2. a) Significance level: Kruskal-Wallis-test was used to check for significant differences between the groups.