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Table 2 Baseline data

From: Predictors of dropout in the German disease management program for type 2 diabetes

  DMP (n = 10385) Dropout (n = 604) Overall (n = 10989)
Age - Mean (SD) 63.3 (9.8) 62.6 (12.5) 63.2 (10.0)
Diabetes duration in years - Mean (SD) 6.1 (6.7) 6.0 (6.7) 6.1 (6.7)
Gender - n (%) male 6998 (67.4) 414 (68.5) 7412 (67.5)
Region - n (%)    
Hesse 3042 (29.3) 169 (28.0) 3211 (29.2)
North Wurttemberg 1175 (11.3) 92 (15.2) 1267 (11.5)
North Rhine 6168 (59.4) 343 (56.8) 6511 (59.3)
Insurance status - n (%)    
member 3815 (36.7) 261 (43.2) 4076 (37.1)
retired 5960 (57.4) 310 (51.3) 6270 (57.1)
family 610 (5.9) 33 (5.5) 643 (5.9)
Hypertension - n (%) 7147 (68.8) 391 (64.7) 7538 (68.6)
Stroke - n(%) 427 (4.1) 7.6 (5.8) 462 (4.2)
Lipid disorder - (%) 4377 (42.2) 37.6 (37.6) 4604 (41.9)
CHD - n (%) 1578 (15.2) 84 (13.9) 1662 (15.1)
Nephropathy - n (%) 468 (4.5) 22 (3.6) 490 (4.5)
Retinopathy - n (%) 393 (3.8) 28 (4.6) 421 (3.8)
Neuropathy - n (%) 986 (9.5) 65 (10.8) 1051 (9.6)
PAD - n (%) 575 (5.5) 33 (5.5) 608 (5.5)
Blindness - n (%) 17 (0.2) 4 (0.7) 21 (0.2)
Myocardial infarction - n (%) 661 (6.4) 32 (5.3) 693 (6.3)
Amputation - n (%) 41 (0.4) 4 (0.7) 45 (0.4)
Diabetic foot - n (%) 128 (1.2) 12 (2.0) 140 (1.3)
Dialysis - n (%) 20 (0.2) 1 (0.2) 21 (0.2)
No secondary diseases - n (%) 1817 (17.5) 112 (18.5) 1929 (17.6)
Two or more secondary diseases - n (%) 2034 (19.6) 105 (17.4) 2139 (19.5)
Disabling secondary disease1 - n (%) 487 (4.7) 41 (6.8) 528 (4.8)
Diabetes symptoms - n (%) 3019 (29.1) 193 (32.0) 3212 (29.2)
Diabetes medication - n (%) 7115 (68.5) 410 (67.9) 7525 (68.5)
Severe hypoglycaemic episodes within the last 12 months - n (%) 121 (1.2) 12 (2.0) 133 (1.2)
Hospital admissions due to hyperglycaemia - n (%) 66 (0.6) 5 (0.8) 71 (0.7)
Foot status - n (%)    
normal 9244 (89.0) 513 (84.9) 9757 (88.8)
abnormal 423 (4.1) 36 (6.0) 459 (4.2)
not assessed 718 (6.9) 55 (9.1) 773 (7.0)
Diabetes training received - n (%) 2129 (20.5) 105 (17.4) 2234 (20.3)
Diabetes training recommended - n (%) 3257 (31.4) 217 (35.9) 3474 (31.6)
Hypertension training received - n (%) 26 (0.3) 0 (0.0) 26 (0.2)
Hypertension training recommended - n 866 (8.3) 45 (7.5) 911 (8.3)
(%)    
Nutritional counseling recommended - n (%) 3628 (34.9) 243 (40.2) 3871 (35.2)
Recommendation to stop tobacco use - n (%) 1128 (10.9) 87 (14.4) 1215 (11.1)
HbA1c treatment goal - n (%)    
hold 5229 (50.4) 286 (47.4) 5515 (50.2)
lower 5136 (49.5) 316 (52.3) 5452 (49.6)
raise 20 (0.2) 2 (0.3) 22 (0.2)
Blood pressure treatment goal - n (%)    
hold 7193 (69.3) 415 (68.7) 7608 (69.2)
lower 3192 (30.7) 189 (31.3) 3381 (30.8)
Annual eye exam - n (%)    
done 4102 (39.5) 199 (33.0) 4301 (39.1)
scheduled 3831 (36.9) 244 (40.4) 4075 (37.1)
not done 2452 (23.6) 161 (26.7) 2613 (23.8)
  1. SD: standard deviation, CHD: coronary heart disease, PAD: peripheral artery disease, All variables refer to the time of programme enrolment. 1 Stroke, amputation, blindness and dialysis were considered disabling secondary diseases.