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Table 4 Mean (SD) annual costs (unadjusted) in depressed patients with diabetes and non- depressed patients with diabetes.

From: Outpatient costs in pharmaceutically treated diabetes patients with and without a diagnosis of depression in a Dutch primary care setting

Cost category Depressed Non-depressed Difference
Unadjusted (95% CI)
Difference
adjusted
(95% CI)*
GP costs 304 (218) 182 (133) 122 (97; 145) 103 (81; 129)
Physical therapy 102 (158) 68 (125) 34 (17; 55) 33 (14; 53)
Dietician 101 (157) 66 (124) 35 (16; 55) 34 (16; 55)
Mental health care 202 (440) 28 (179) 174 (134; 224) 194 (151; 247)
Outpatient clinic 149 (76) 119 (82) 30 (19; 41) 31 (21; 42)
Medication 182 (247) 30 (160) 152 (125; 182) 157 (129; 186)
Total costs 1039 (743) 492 (434) 547 (466; 635) 553 (468; 641)
  1. * Differences were adjusted for age and sex.