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Table 2 All-cause health care resource use among patients with HCV and ALD (cases) and matched patients with HCV and no ALD (comparison)

From: The economic burden of advanced liver disease among patients with Hepatitis C Virus: a large state Medicaid perspective

  Patients with HCV and ALD (Cases) Patients with HCV and without ALD (Comparison) Difference P-value1
N 1,193 1,193   
Inpatient     
Percent with ≥1 hospitalization (1 yr follow-up) 73.6% 27.1% 46.5% < .001
Hospital admissions (PPPM)     < .001
Mean 0.3 0.1 0.3  
SD 0.4 0.1   
Median 0.2 0.0   
Hospital days (PPPM)     < .001
Mean 1.9 0.3 1.6  
SD 2.9 0.8   
Median 0.7 0.0   
Outpatient Services2     
Percent with ≥1 outpatient service (1 yr follow-up) 99.2% 96.1% 3.1% < .001
Outpatient office/clinic services (PPPM)     < .001
Mean 19.4 4.1 15.3  
SD 24.2 4.7   
Median 10.4 2.6   
Pharmacy     
Percent with ≥1 medication dispensed (1 yr follow-up) 89.8% 92.0% −2.2% 0.064
Medications dispensed (PPPM)     0.010
Mean 5.8 5.4 0.4  
SD 4.5 4.3   
Median 5.2 4.6   
Other Services3     
Percent with at least 1 other resource use claim 91.3% 88.4% 2.9% 0.025
  1. Source: Florida Medicaid database: claims with dates of service between July 1, 1998 and June 30, 2008.
  2. Notes: Percentages are those with the resource use of interest at any time during the year.
  3. 1 Calculated with the Fisher Exact 2-tailed test used for comparison of proportions, and the Wilcoxon test for comparison of means.
  4. 2 Patients may have received multiple outpatient services on the same day, including hospital outpatient, physician, nurse practitioner, physician assistant, clinic, or other outpatient services.
  5. 3 "Other" services include nursing home, home health, hospice, and other services.
  6. ALD advanced liver disease, HCV hepatitis C virus, PPPM per-patient-per-month.